By Tulia G. Falleti
Is it usually precise that decentralization reforms positioned extra energy within the arms of governors and mayors? In postdevelopmental Latin the United States, the astonishing solution to this query isn't any. in reality, numerous results are attainable, based mostly on who initiates the reforms, how they're initiated, and in what order they're brought. Tulia G. Falleti attracts on large fieldwork, in-depth interviews, archival files, and quantitative information to provide an explanation for the trajectories of decentralization methods and their markedly various results in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. In her research, she develops a sequential idea and procedure which are profitable in explaining this counterintuitive outcome. Her examine contributes to the literature on direction dependence and institutional evolution and should be of curiosity to students of decentralization, federalism, subnational politics, intergovernmental family members, and Latin American politics.
Read Online or Download Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America PDF
Similar central america books
In the future a few years in the past, three hundred migrants have been abducted among the distant, dusty border cities of Altar, Mexico, and Sasabe, Arizona. Over 1/2 them have been by no means heard from back. Óscar Martínez, a tender author from El Salvador, was once in Altar on the time of the kidnapping, and his tale of the migrant disappearances is just one of the harrowing tales he tells after spending years touring up and down the migrant path from crucial the United States to the U.S. border.
Specialists research the dynamics of poverty and inequality in Latin the USA and rules to deal with them utilizing new instruments and knowledge.
The Contra battle and the Iran-Contra affair that shook the Reagan presidency have been heart level at the U. S. political scene for almost a decade. in keeping with such a lot observers, the most Contra military, or the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), was once a mercenary strength employed by way of the CIA to oppose the Sandinista socialist revolution.
One of many first longitudinal reviews of collective resistance within the constructing global, Waves of Protest examines large-scale contentious motion in El Salvador in the course of serious eras within the country’s history.
Providing a compelling research of the large waves of protests from the early 20th century to the current in El Salvador, Paul D. Almeida absolutely chronicles one of many greatest and such a lot winning campaigns opposed to globalization and privatization within the Americas. Drawing on unique protest information from newspapers and different archival assets, Almeida makes an impassioned argument that regime liberalization organizes civil society and, conversely, acts of state-sponsored repression radicalize society. He correlates the ebb and stream of protest waves to the alterations in regime liberalization and next de-democratization and again to liberalization.
Almeida exhibits how institutional entry and aggressive elections create chance for civic firms that develop into radicalized while authoritarianism raises, ensuing from time to time in violent protest campaigns that enhance to innovative degrees. In doing so, he brings destructive political stipulations and threats to the vanguard as valuable forces riding social flow task and renowned rivalry within the constructing global.
- To Export Progress: The Golden Age Of University Assistance In The Americas (Philanthropic and Nonprofit Studies)
- Cuban Currency: The Dollar and ''''Special Period'''' Fiction (Cultural Studies of the Americas)
- Fanning the Sacred Flame: Mesoamerican Studies in Honor of H. B. Nicholson
- Maya History and Religion (Civilization of the American Indian Series)
Extra resources for Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America
It studies how the earlier reforms affect or constrain those that follow. Even if we assume that the actors’ preferences remain unchanged throughout the process of study, we must acknowledge that the earlier events of the process may change in fundamental ways the relevant contexts in which actors must make decisions as the remainder of the process unfolds. 15 Finally, the comparative sequential method aims to uncover the causal mechanisms that connect the main steps or events in the process of interest.
2 presents the typology of the main sequences of decentralization, as just described, and the expected outcomes. Methodological Considerations The Comparative Sequential Method Both to identify the decentralization policies and to analyze their effects on subnational politics, I use what I call the comparative sequential method. It constitutes a theoretically guided application of the method of process-tracing that uncovers and specifies the causal mechanisms that link the main events of the processes under study and compares the resulting sequences across cases to explain the sources of variance in the outcomes of interest.
However, the evolution of the intergovernmental balance of power in Brazil challenges this interpretation. As shown in Chapter 2, Brazil started the period of reforms with an intergovernmental institutional structure as highly decentralized as that of Argentina. However, by the end of the period, decentralization policies in Brazil had significantly increased the autonomy of governors and mayors. This was evident within the subnational share of expenditures and revenues, the distribution of policy-making authority, and the political reforms introduced in the 1988 Constitution.