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Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America by Tulia G. Falleti

By Tulia G. Falleti

Is it usually precise that decentralization reforms positioned extra energy within the arms of governors and mayors? In postdevelopmental Latin the United States, the astonishing solution to this query isn't any. in reality, numerous results are attainable, based mostly on who initiates the reforms, how they're initiated, and in what order they're brought. Tulia G. Falleti attracts on large fieldwork, in-depth interviews, archival files, and quantitative information to provide an explanation for the trajectories of decentralization methods and their markedly various results in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. In her research, she develops a sequential idea and procedure which are profitable in explaining this counterintuitive outcome. Her examine contributes to the literature on direction dependence and institutional evolution and should be of curiosity to students of decentralization, federalism, subnational politics, intergovernmental family members, and Latin American politics.

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It studies how the earlier reforms affect or constrain those that follow. Even if we assume that the actors’ preferences remain unchanged throughout the process of study, we must acknowledge that the earlier events of the process may change in fundamental ways the relevant contexts in which actors must make decisions as the remainder of the process unfolds. 15 Finally, the comparative sequential method aims to uncover the causal mechanisms that connect the main steps or events in the process of interest.

2 presents the typology of the main sequences of decentralization, as just described, and the expected outcomes. Methodological Considerations The Comparative Sequential Method Both to identify the decentralization policies and to analyze their effects on subnational politics, I use what I call the comparative sequential method. It constitutes a theoretically guided application of the method of process-tracing that uncovers and specifies the causal mechanisms that link the main events of the processes under study and compares the resulting sequences across cases to explain the sources of variance in the outcomes of interest.

However, the evolution of the intergovernmental balance of power in Brazil challenges this interpretation. As shown in Chapter 2, Brazil started the period of reforms with an intergovernmental institutional structure as highly decentralized as that of Argentina. However, by the end of the period, decentralization policies in Brazil had significantly increased the autonomy of governors and mayors. This was evident within the subnational share of expenditures and revenues, the distribution of policy-making authority, and the political reforms introduced in the 1988 Constitution.

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