By James L. Fitzsimmons
Like their regal opposite numbers in societies all over the world, historic Maya rulers departed this global with complex burial ceremonies and extravagant grave items, which regularly integrated ceramics, purple pigments, earflares, stingray spines, jades, pearls, obsidian blades, and mosaics. Archaeological research of those burials, in addition to the decipherment of inscriptions that checklist Maya rulers' funerary rites, have opened a desirable window on how the traditional Maya envisaged the ruler's passage from the realm of the dwelling to the area of the ancestors. concentrating on the vintage interval (AD 250-900), James Fitzsimmons examines and compares textual and archaeological facts for rites of loss of life and burial within the Maya lowlands, from which he creates versions of royal Maya funerary habit. Exploring old Maya attitudes towards demise expressed at recognized websites comparable to Tikal, Guatemala, and Copan, Honduras, in addition to less-explored archaeological destinations, Fitzsimmons reconstructs royal mortuary rites and expands our realizing of key Maya ideas together with the afterlife and ancestor veneration.
Read or Download Death and the Classic Maya Kings (Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies) PDF
Best central america books
In the future a number of years in the past, three hundred migrants have been abducted among the distant, dusty border cities of Altar, Mexico, and Sasabe, Arizona. Over half them have been by no means heard from back. Óscar Martínez, a tender author from El Salvador, was once in Altar on the time of the kidnapping, and his tale of the migrant disappearances is just one of the harrowing tales he tells after spending years touring up and down the migrant path from primary the United States to the USA border.
Specialists learn the dynamics of poverty and inequality in Latin the United States and rules to handle them utilizing new instruments and knowledge.
The Contra battle and the Iran-Contra affair that shook the Reagan presidency have been middle level at the U. S. political scene for almost a decade. in response to so much observers, the most Contra military, or the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), was once a mercenary strength employed through the CIA to oppose the Sandinista socialist revolution.
One of many first longitudinal experiences of collective resistance within the constructing global, Waves of Protest examines large-scale contentious motion in El Salvador in the course of severe eras within the country’s history.
Providing a compelling research of the large waves of protests from the early 20th century to the current in El Salvador, Paul D. Almeida totally chronicles one of many greatest and so much profitable campaigns opposed to globalization and privatization within the Americas. Drawing on unique protest info from newspapers and different archival resources, Almeida makes an impassioned argument that regime liberalization organizes civil society and, conversely, acts of state-sponsored repression radicalize society. He correlates the ebb and stream of protest waves to the alterations in regime liberalization and next de-democratization and again to liberalization.
Almeida exhibits how institutional entry and aggressive elections create chance for civic enterprises that develop into radicalized whilst authoritarianism raises, ensuing every now and then in violent protest campaigns that amplify to progressive degrees. In doing so, he brings unfavorable political stipulations and threats to the leading edge as primary forces riding social circulate task and well known competition within the constructing global.
- The Artifacts of Tikal: Utilitarian Artifacts and Unworked Material: Tikal Report 27B
- Is Geography Destiny? Lessons from Latin America
- Taking Root: Narratives of Jewish Women in Latin America
- The Mapuche in Modern Chile: A Cultural History
- So That All Shall Know Para que todos lo sepan: Photographs by Daniel Hernandez-Salazar Fotografias por Daniel Hernandez-Salazar (Spanish Edition)
Additional info for Death and the Classic Maya Kings (Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies)
While a complete study of the Underworld is far beyond the scope of this work, some basic theories on how the afterlife was conceived are necessary, particularly with respect to a widespread facet of Classic Maya life—ancestor worship. Setting up this afterlife will be the task of the following chapter, although as a pivotal concept the afterlife does factor into many interpretations and analyses. It is particularly relevant when we deal with the relationship between dead kings and their successors.
Although there are a number of variations in this mythology, representing local or regional theological diﬀerences, the basic sequence of events remains the same. indb 18 10/30/08 12:37:50 PM de ath and the af ter life in the l ow l ands figur e 4 . The death of Wak Chan K’ahk’ and the Seven-Black-Yellow-Place of Tonina Monument 69 (Mathews 1983) attendants and placed in a canoe. Piloting this canoe are two ﬁgures nicknamed the Paddler Gods, the same ﬁgures who ferried him into the Underworld. Presumably paddled to his ﬁnal destination, the Maize God then emerges from the carapace of a turtle (Figure 6).
While the one-day discrepancy could be attributed to scribal error, it is almost certain that the ochb’ihiiy event—six or seven days oﬀ—refers to something else. This is an important distinction, for it makes ochb’ih less of a “death” verb, as it has widely been regarded in the past, and more of a “burial” verb. Ochb’ih is therefore an entering into not only a “road” but also a tunnel, gap, or opening; it describes the placement of the body in a tomb a certain number of days after death. How many days this was seems to have varied on a case-by-case basis, ranging from the next day to more than a week after the event (see Chapter 4); presumably some of this was related to grave preparation, although there may have been religious reasons as well.