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Days of Glory?: Imaging Military Recruitment and the French by Valerie Mainz

By Valerie Mainz

This e-book examines various visible photographs of army recruitment to discover altering notions of glory, or of gloire, during the French Revolution. It increases questions about how this occasion re-orientated notions of ‘citizenship’ and of provider to ‘la Patrie’. the hole traces of the Marseillaise are grandly declamatory: Allons enfants de los angeles Patrie/le jour de gloire est arrivé! or, in English: Arise, young children of the Homeland/The day of glory has arrived! What do those phrases suggest of their later eighteenth-century French context? What was once gloire and the way used to be it replaced by way of the progressive procedure? This army music, later followed because the nationwide anthem, represents a deceptively unifying second of collective engagement within the making of the fashionable French kingdom. Valerie Mainz questions this via a detailed learn of visible imagery facing the problem of army recruitment. From neoclassical portray to well known prints, such photos quite often handled the shift from civilian to soldier, targeting how males, and never ladies, have been referred to as to serve the Homeland.

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78. 55. d). 56.  89. 57.  140–2. 58. Stolpe, Klassizismus und Krieg, p. 184: ‘Die Hervorkehrung weiblicher Schwäche und weiblichen Sich-Gehenlassens ist eine Mahnung, die (insbesondere) an die entsprechende Hälfte des Salonpublikums ergeht: niemals die eigene Würde zu vergessen und sich die Gefährdung durch Passionen INTRODUCTION 29 einzugestehen; und darüber hinaus ist dies ein Appell, sich auch der Fähigkeit zur Vervollkommnung bewusst zu sein. ’ 59.  Duncan (1973) ‘Happy Mothers and Other New Ideas in French Art’, The Art Bulletin, 55/4, 570–83.

16 These commissioned officers then delegated the job of recruiting to other officers, sergeants, corporals and simple soldiers who were often veterans. Sometimes other civilian intermediaries and agents were even employed on a business basis and paid a commercial rate to assist in the process. 17 The experiment was not wholly successful and the older methods of recruitment continued to hold sway although the costs of recruitment were taken over by the State. 18 Fears came to be voiced as to the inherent dangers of a large standing army that might be used as an instrument of absolutism and militate against individual and national liberties.

39.  122–5. 40.  M.  M. Smith (2005) Nobility Reimagined: The Patriotic Nation in Eighteenth-Century France (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press). I am grateful to Hamish Scott for drawing my attention to Smith’s work. 41.  M. ) The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, I: The political culture of the old regime (Oxford, Pergamon). Emile G Léonard noted that the modern distinction between the military and the civilian could not be applied to Ancien Régime society.

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