By Graham M. Davies, Daniel B. Wright
Examine on utilized reminiscence is without doubt one of the such a lot energetic, attention-grabbing and colourful parts in experimental psychology. This e-book describes the correct learn and applies it to key parts of latest research: schooling, the legislations and neuroscience.
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Extra resources for Current issues in applied memory research
4, in the section devoted to Experiment 1 data. Not surprisingly, performance was better on easy than diﬃcult items and declined with the number of alternatives. 4 Proportion correct on a multiple-choice test as a function of question diﬃculty and number of alternatives (including correct) for each question in Experiments 1 and 2 of Roediger and Marsh (reported in this chapter). Performance was better on easy than diﬃcult items and declined with the number of alternatives. Similarly, performance on unread passages was lower than for read passages, and performance generally declined with the number of distractors (albeit more for unread than read passages).
The 7% advantage of expanding interval retrieval to equally spaced retrieval on the ﬁnal test was small but statistically signiﬁcant, and this is the comparison that the authors emphasized in the paper. They replicated the eﬀect in a separate experiment with face–name pairs. 40). This pattern suggests that on a more delayed ﬁnal test, the curves might cross over and equal interval retrieval might prove superior to expanding retrieval. Strangely, for some years researchers did not investigate Landauer and Bjork’s (1978) intriguing ﬁndings, perhaps because they made such good sense.
Finally, in a fourth condition denoted SNTN, after the ﬁrst study–test trial, items that were recalled were dropped both from the study and test phase of the experiment for the additional trials. In this case, then, the study list and the test sequence became shorter over trials. This last condition is most like standard advice for using ﬂashcards – students studied and were tested on the pairs until they were recalled, and then they were dropped so that attention could be devoted to unlearned pairs.