By Mariella Totaro-Genevois
This publication investigates Italian international cultural coverage from the 1947 structure to the current. How has Italy conveyed its language and tradition to the surface international? the place does the Italian adventure healthy right into a wider foreign context? eventually, what might be realized from the solutions to such questions relating to the Italian event in Australia?
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Extra resources for Cultural And Linguistic Policy Abroad: The Italian Experience (Multilingual Matters)
Up to that point school education had strongly opposed dialects. Gramsci, in a letter of 25 January 1936 to his son Iulik, described his school days at the end of the 19th century in a small Sardinian country town, where most of the students came from a rural background: [. ] most of my classmates could hardly speak Italian; I was consequently in a privileged situation[. ] knowing how to speak Italian made everything easier at school[. ]3 First Twenty Years of the Constitution 39 At school or in everyday life dialect speakers would be ashamed of their inability to use standard language (and were made to feel so).
Contrary to the principles of the 1947 Constitution, which included a commitment to non-discrimination on the basis of language and a pledge to abolish obstacles to the citizens’ full realisation of their intellectual potential, the school was far from providing an answer to a society in need of cultural growth (which does not necessarily Á/ or exclusively Á/ coincide with increased income and material possessions). As Ginsborg (1989) says, The State had played an important part in stimulating economic development, but it had then failed to deal adequately with the social consequences.
With the exception of a few radical groups, fascism is only asking for a declaration of loyalty and if necessary contrition; however it would be willing to accept a broad cultural integration, a comprehensive compromise in which all components of Italian culture could find their own space. In support of this view Romano mentions the case of the Enciclopedia Italiana Treccani universally recognised as a landmark in Italian cultural life of the time, and the role played by its first director, philosopher Giovanni Gentile.