By Idan Landau
The topic of nonfinite clauses is usually lacking, and but is known to consult a few linguistic or contextual referent (e.g. 'Bill most popular __ to stay silent' is known as 'Bill most well liked that he himself might stay silent'). This dependency is the subject material of keep an eye on conception. wide linguistic learn into keep an eye on buildings over the last 5 a long time has unearthed a wealth of empirical findings in dozens of languages. Their right type and research, even though, were a question of constant debate inside of and throughout varied theoretical faculties. This accomplished publication pulls jointly, for the 1st time, the entire vital advances at the subject. one of the matters mentioned are: the excellence among elevating and keep an eye on, compulsory and nonobligatory keep an eye on, syntactic interactions with case, finiteness and nominalization, lexical choice of the controller, and phenomena like partial and implicit regulate. The severe discussions during this paintings will stimulate scholars and students to additional explorations during this attention-grabbing box.
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Extra info for Control in Generative Grammar: A Research Companion
That some such distinction is needed is universally accepted. Even before the terms OC (obligatory control) and NOC (non-obligatory control) were coined, the earliest studies distinguished between Equi-NP Deletion and Super-Equi NP Deletion (Rosenbaum 1967, Grinder 1970). However, disagreements proliferate once we ask how to draw the line between them. Just as in taxonomical debates within evolutionary biology, much depends on the proper classification of the facts. 2 we will see that case matching between the controller and PRO in OC is, in fact, possible under restricted circumstances.
Tiangi negarang [PROi naar ubad ento]. ’ b. [PROi naar ubad ento] tegarang tiang. 3). This is a problem for the theory of Bresnan (1982), where functionally controlled clauses are either complements (XCOMP) or adjuncts (XADJ), never subjects, which are closed functions (COMP). ”26 From the present perspective it is important to ask whether (104b) represents a serious flaw in the generalization that subject clauses do not display OC. , in passive. Since infinitives do not easily passivize, this can only be seen with gerunds.
The different mapping of arguments of the two types of predicates explains the contrast. Since complement clauses must be right-peripheral to the VP (a prosodic requirement), they must be extraposed whenever generated as VP-specifiers. Landau assumed that the causer infinitive is generated as a complement below the experiencer in (99a) but as a specifier above the theme in (99b). Thus, extraposition is only possible in the latter case (being unmotivated in the former), producing NOC. This account is modified in Landau 2010b, where eventive psych verbs are mapped just like non-psych verbs to the syntax – causer above experiencer.