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Constructing Lithuania: ethnic mapping in tsarist Russia, by Vytautas Petronis

By Vytautas Petronis

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A social group, which would have been interested in the functionality of the structure. 105 Yet the reforms that had been undertaken during the first quarter of the 18th century were not completely erased. The system of bureaucratic hierar­ chy, as well as the network of guberniia-provintsiia-uezd (or distrikt) re­ mained in place and the local administrators - the voivodes - retained their posts. 106 Another tendency, which began during the reign of Peter I, was the sepa­ rate treatment of the Russian and the annexed non-Russian lands, which also indicates at the growth of regionalism.

Com. 37 many works and articles that have been produced, the history of Russian geography and its related disciplines remain an extensive area for future research. Research on the Lithuanian history of cartography is practically non­ existent. 76 Therefore, the present study will contribute, I hope, to the field of Lithuanian cartography, primarily by presenting general trends, rather than a deeper analysis. There are several full-length studies in existence that analyse the develop­ ment of Russian ethnography in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Kirilov (1689-1737) supervised the work o f the Russian surveyors. Some o f the maps and plans that were made during this period were used in the Atlas o f Russia, published in 1734. From 1735 supervision was taken over by the Geographical Department o f the Russian Academy o f Sciences. Based on the results o f surveys undertaken up to 1745, the Academy published the first scientific atlas o f the state (see footnote 99), which depicted the structure o f gubernii and provintsii in detail. V. M.

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