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Computing Action: A Narratological Approach (Narratologia - by Jan Christoph Meister, Alastair Matthews

By Jan Christoph Meister, Alastair Matthews

Computing motion takes a brand new method of the phenomenon of narrated motion in literary texts. It starts off with a survey of philosophical techniques to the concept that of motion, starting from analytical to transcendental and at last constructivist definitions. This ends up in the formula of a brand new version of motion, within which the middle definitions constructed in conventional structuralist narratology and Greimassian semiotics are reconceptualised within the mild of constructivist theories. within the moment a part of the learn, the combinatory version of motion proposed is positioned into perform within the context of a computer-aided research of the motion constructs logically implied by means of narrative texts. specialized literary computing instruments have been constructed for the needs of this research of textual information: EVENTPARSER, an interactive instrument for parsing occasions in literary texts, and EPITEST, a device for subjecting the mark-up records hence produced to a combinatory research of the episode and motion constructs they comprise. The 3rd a part of the booklet provides a case examine of Goethe's Unterhaltungen deutscher Ausgewanderten. the following, the sensible program of conception and method ultimately ends up in a brand new interpretation of Goethe's well-known Novellenzyklus as a scientific test within the narrative building of motion - an test meant to illustrate not just Goethe's aesthetic rules, but additionally, and extra essentially, his epistemological convictions.

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Computing Action: A Narratological Approach (Narratologia - Volume 2)

Computing motion takes a brand new method of the phenomenon of narrated motion in literary texts. It starts with a survey of philosophical methods to the concept that of motion, starting from analytical to transcendental and at last constructivist definitions. This results in the formula of a brand new version of motion, within which the center definitions built in conventional structuralist narratology and Greimassian semiotics are reconceptualised within the gentle of constructivist theories.

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Extra info for Computing Action: A Narratological Approach (Narratologia - Volume 2)

Sample text

In the case of the fictional narrative, however, she argues that narratologists inadvertently draw an impermissible analogy between fictional and factual narratives when they refer to the dichotomy between plot and story, for here there is no ‘original story’ in the first place. 16 Cohn (1990) has added an ontological argument to supplement this phenomenological one. She points out that, while the historical narrative is based on documentary evidence, the fictional narrative posits its own fabula as its basis and presents itself, often rearranged, in the form of discourse: 14 15 16 Prince (1998) turns his earlier definition of the disnarrated on its head and states that it represents ‘what did not happen but could have’ (Prince 1998:46).

Contiguity, temporality, and causality—and, then, and of grief—form a hierarchy of logical propositions that finally results in the integration of the two events into an action. Furthermore, the modest little word and is important because it activates the frame of ideological reference without recourse to which a reader cannot plausibly construct the simple causal interpretation of Forster’s minimal story that we all find so obvious: The queen died because of her grief about the king’s death. What at first sight appears to be a fully text-based reconstruction of a single action turns out to be dependent upon our access to two sets of context factors.

By this I mean a theory that deals not only with the complexity of the phenomenon as a project and construct but also with the importance of the virtual domain, that is, the domain of activities and actions which consists of positive choices and their unrealized alternatives. The phenomenon of literary action can no longer be described from a purely positivist perspective but should be modelled as an object best approached by more differentiated means. The virtual domain is, however, also the domain of vast numbers: it is comprised of an enormous set of theoretically conceivable variants of activities and actions, the size of which is practically impossible to grasp.

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