Posted on

Computing: A Concise History (The MIT Press Essential by Paul E. Ceruzzi

By Paul E. Ceruzzi

The heritage of computing may be advised because the tale of and software program, or the tale of the net, or the tale of "smart" hand held units, with subplots related to IBM, Microsoft, Apple, fb, and Twitter. during this concise and obtainable account of the discovery and improvement of electronic expertise, machine historian Paul Ceruzzi bargains a broader and extra necessary point of view. He identifies 4 significant threads that run all through all of computing's technological improvement: digitization--the coding of data, computation, and keep an eye on in binary shape, ones and zeros; the convergence of a number of streams of concepts, units, and machines, yielding greater than the sum in their components; the regular strengthen of digital know-how, as characterised famously by means of "Moore's Law"; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi courses us via computing background, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the notice "digital" in 1942 (to describe a high-speed approach to calculating utilized in anti-aircraft devices), and recounting the improvement of the punch card (for use within the 1890 U.S. Census). He describes the ENIAC, outfitted for medical and armed forces purposes; the UNIVAC, the 1st basic objective machine; and ARPANET, the Internet's precursor. Ceruzzi's account lines the world-changing evolution of the pc from a room-size ensemble of equipment to a "minicomputer" to a machine laptop to a pocket-sized clever mobile. He describes the advance of the silicon chip, that can shop ever-increasing quantities of knowledge and enabled ever-decreasing equipment dimension. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the tale as much as the current with the net, the realm huge internet, and social networking.

Show description

Read Online or Download Computing: A Concise History (The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series) PDF

Best computing books

OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook (2nd Edition)

Over a hundred recipes to effectively organize and deal with your OpenStack cloud environments with whole assurance of Nova, speedy, Keystone, look, Horizon, Neutron, and Cinder


up-to-date for OpenStack Grizzly
how you can set up, configure, and deal with all the OpenStack middle initiatives together with new issues like block garage and software program outlined networking
construct your deepest Cloud using DevOps and non-stop Integration instruments and techniques

In Detail

OpenStack is an open resource cloud working stack that was once born from Rackspace and NASA and have become a world good fortune, constructed via ratings of individuals all over the world and sponsored by way of many of the top gamers within the cloud house today.

OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook, moment variation will convey you precisely the right way to set up the elements which are required to make up a personal cloud setting. you'll how to organize an atmosphere that you just deal with simply as you'll a public cloud supplier like Rackspace with assistance from skilled OpenStack directors and architects.

We commence via configuring the main parts resembling id, photograph compute, and garage in a secure, digital atmosphere that we'll then construct in this in the course of the booklet. The booklet also will educate you approximately provisioning and coping with OpenStack within the datacenter utilizing confirmed DevOps instruments and techniques.

From fitting or making a sandbox setting utilizing Vagrant and VirtualBox to fitting OpenStack within the datacenter, from figuring out logging to automating OpenStack installations, no matter what point of expertise or curiosity you might have with OpenStack there's a bankruptcy for you. install steps conceal compute, item garage, id, block garage volumes, picture, horizon, software program outlined networking and DevOps instruments for automating your infrastructure OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook, moment version supplies transparent step by step directions to fitting and working your personal deepest cloud.

What you'll research from this book

comprehend, set up, configure, and deal with Nova, the OpenStack cloud compute source
Dive headfirst into dealing with software program outlined networks with the OpenStack networking venture and Open vSwitch
set up and configure, Keystone, the OpenStack identification & authentication carrier
set up, configure and function the OpenStack block garage venture: Neutron
set up and deal with speedy, the hugely scalable OpenStack item garage carrier
achieve palms on adventure with the OpenStack dashboard Horizon
discover assorted tracking frameworks to make sure your OpenStack cloud is often on-line and appearing optimally
Automate your installations utilizing Vagrant and Chef.
Create customized home windows and Linux photographs to be used on your inner most cloud environment.


OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook moment variation provide you with transparent step by step directions to fitting and operating your personal inner most cloud effectively. it really is choked with functional and acceptable recipes that make it easier to use the most recent functions of OpenStack and enforce them.

The publication explains each step intimately that you can construct your wisdom approximately how issues paintings.

Computing Action: A Narratological Approach (Narratologia - Volume 2)

Computing motion takes a brand new method of the phenomenon of narrated motion in literary texts. It starts off with a survey of philosophical techniques to the idea that of motion, starting from analytical to transcendental and at last constructivist definitions. This results in the formula of a brand new version of motion, within which the middle definitions constructed in conventional structuralist narratology and Greimassian semiotics are reconceptualised within the mild of constructivist theories.

Soft Computing in Case Based Reasoning

Gentle Computing in Case established Reasoning demonstrates how quite a few smooth computing instruments should be utilized to layout and improve methodologies and structures with case dependent reasoning for real-life decision-making or attractiveness difficulties. Comprising contributions from specialists from around the globe, it:- offers an creation to CBR and smooth computing, and the relevance in their integration- Evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of CBR in its present shape- offers contemporary advancements and demanding purposes in domain names akin to data-mining, scientific analysis, knowledge-based specialist platforms, banking, and forensic research- Addresses new info on constructing clever systemsThis publication might be of specific curiosity to graduate scholars and researchers in machine technology, electric engineering and knowledge know-how however it can also be of curiosity to researchers and practitioners within the fields of platforms layout, trend acceptance and knowledge mining.

Additional info for Computing: A Concise History (The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series)

Sample text

Presper Eckert, the chief engineer, designed it conservatively, for example, by carefully limiting the loads on the vacuum tubes to prolong their life. That made the UNIVAC surprisingly reliable in spite of its use of about 5,000 vacuum tubes. Sales were modest, but the technological breakthrough of a commercial electronic computer was large. Eckert and Mauchly founded a company, another harbinger of the volatile computer industry that followed, but it was unable to survive on its own and was absorbed by Remington Rand in 1950.

But the transfer of the technology to the commercial world was hindered, as the value of cryptography to national security did not end in 1945. It is as critical, and secret, today as it ever was. The Colossus machines may have been destroyed at the end of the war, but even if they were not, there was no easy path to build a commercial version of them. The United States did a better job in transferring wartime computing technology to peaceful uses, although National Cash Register did not exploit its experience building the Bombes to further its business machines technology.

For its design, the company drew on the advice of von Neumann, whom it hired as a consultant. Von Neumann had proposed using a special-purpose vacuum tube developed at RCA for memory, but they proved difficult to produce in quantity. The 701’s memory units were special-purpose modified cathode ray tubes, which had been invented in England and used on the Manchester computer. IBM initially called the 701 a “defense calculator,” an acknowledgment that its customers were primarily aerospace and defense companies with access to large amounts of government funds.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.36 of 5 – based on 35 votes