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Computers and Aphasia: Special Issue of Aphasiology by Brian Petheram

By Brian Petheram

This specified factor of Aphasiology brings jointly papers from six nations in 3 continents at the ways that pcs are getting used within the area. details expertise is now good confirmed as a way of providing therapy to individuals with aphasia and this factor comprises papers which describe the newest ways that this is often being conducted. Doesborgh et. al. file on Multicue, a manner during which the functions of pcs are used to aid cueing ways to the remedy of naming problems; and Mortley et. al. use the web as a method of providing cutting edge therapy ways to the buyer at domestic. it is crucial that the excessive tech glamour of the expertise doesn't vague the necessity to seriously overview the contribution of this mode of therapy. papers, Wallesch & Johanssen-Horbach, and Wertz & Katz, evaluation and critique the results and effectiveness of computing device mediated therapy.In the twenty first century pcs are more and more part of lifestyle and papers deal with ways that individuals with aphasia could benefit from this and have interaction within the rising "information society", Van de Sandt-Koenderman appears at ways that the know-how can be utilized to aid verbal exchange in everyday lifestyles through the supply of acceptable conversation aids. Egan et. al. document on education individuals with aphasia to entry the web on their lonesome account so they might totally have interaction with this source as energetic voters.

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After the list is compiled, it requires testing in Phase 2 small group or single subject research experiments to ensure that the selection criteria do, indeed, identify “ideal” participants—those who improve the most in the Phase 2 experiments. Demonstrating the validity and reliability of the outcome measures requires that they measure what they report to measure—validity—and that they have acceptable intra- and inter-judge reliability. One seeks to measure change in the study participants and not change in the investigators.

Inordinate failure in moving from one step to another may suggest that steps are missing. Thus, a Phase 2 study might require an expanded hierarchy with a small group of participants. To develop an explanation of why the treatment may be beneficial, the investigator could peruse the models of aphasia treatment provided by Horner, Loverso, and Gonzalez Rothi (1994). Comparison of the computerprovided treatment with the models may indicate a best fit is with the stimulation-facilitation model espoused by Schuell, Jenkins, and Jimenz Pabon (1964) and elaborated by Duffy and Coelho (2001).

218 DOESBORGH ET AL. , & Spencer, K. (2001). Effects of two cueing treatments on lexical retrieval in aphasic speakers with different levels of deficit. Aphasiology, 15, 933–950. Weigl, E. (1927). Zur Psychologie sogenannter Abstraktionsprozesse. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 103, 2–45. APPENDIX A Scoring Boston Naming Test 3 points = correct or correct with phonological or dysarthric distortion (at least 2/3 correct). , category name/second part of a compound), good description. 1 point = semantically related word (unspecific category name/first part of a compound), reasonable description.

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