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Comparison and universal grammar by Leon Stassen

By Leon Stassen

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We turn to Hagstrom’s implementation of it next. â•… Notice that although the PL reading is unavailable in this example, the functional reading remains available. It is one of the arguments Krifka provides for formally distinguishing Â�functional and PL readings. 3â•… Syntactic and semantic contribution of the Q-morpheme Hagstrom (1998) explores the syntactic and semantic contribution of the interrogative morpheme (Q-morpheme) to the derivation of interrogatives and concludes that it plays an important role in the derivation of the PL and SP readings in these constructions.

Russian Kakoj diplomat kakogo žurnalista priglasil na užin? ╇ Semantics of multiple interrogatives  Russian allows for the second complex wh-phrase to optionally remain in situ. 3 When the lower complex wh-phrase is fronted over the higher one, the Interpretive Superiority effect does not arise. 4 (47) a. PL/SP Which journalist did which diplomat invite to the dinner? Russian Kakogo žurnalista kakoj diplomat priglasil na užin? ’ Another context in which SP readings appear (and even seem to be forced) is when the wh-phrases are separated from their scope position by an island boundary, as in (48) with the if-clause, and in (49) with a relative clause.

E. e. a set of sets of propositions; the semantic type 〈pt,t〉). Let us consider how the PL and SP readings of a simple question like Who bought what? are derived compositionally. 17 (82) a. [CP Qj-C0 [QP tj [TP who bought what]]] PL SP By movement to C0, the Q-morpheme leaves behind a variable (tj) whose value ranges over generalized choice functions. A generalized choice function (type 〈αt,α〉) basically picks a member out of the set it is merged with. In the derivation of the PL reading, the choice function variable takes what (denoting a set of individuals) as its argument returning an individual (〈e〉).

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