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Comparative Neuroscience and Neurobiology by Louis N. Irwin (auth.)

By Louis N. Irwin (auth.)

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The parts of the FM 1_4 processing channels are integrated in the medial geniculate body for extraction of range information from orientation sound-echo pairs. As a result, FM-FM combinationsensitive neurons are produced. These neurons project to the FM-FM area in the auditory cortex (Fig. 28, b). As a consequence of such parallel hierarchical processing of complex sound, there are many functional divisions in the auditory cortex (Fig. 28) . In the primary auditory cortex of Pteronotus, high-frequency-sensitive neurons are located anteriorly and low-frequency-sensitive neurons are located posteriorly, as in the cat (Fig.

Arger for inhibitory than for excitatory axons. At their termination, motor axons branch profusely in thousands of terminals. arger the axon and the greater the quantal content of its release. Larger neurons also have higher thresholds and more rapid adaptation and show less facilitation at their terminals during repetitive Stimulation. arge neurons are involved in phasic, fast responses, whereas small neurons act in tonic activity. Inhibitory and excitatory motor axons not only interact on the muscle membrane, but there is also a strong presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmitter release.

The Golgi method, various tracer methods, and degeneration methods). The conceptual side of the method is sketched here. Statistical connectivity and precise wiring In the ce_rebral cortex there are millions of pyramidal cells, no two w1th exactly the same dendritic and axonal ramification. Most ~eu_ral tissue shows such variability, the exceptions being found m mvertebrates. The question arises whether the detailed pattem of the connections is the information needed to understand the mechanism, or whether it is not information but "noise" superimposed on the general plan that counts.

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