By Jeffrey Quilter
Writing within the first individual with a stability among casual language and educational idea, Quilter concludes that Rivas used to be a ceremonial middle for mortuary rituals to bury mainly elite at the Panteón. by using his narrative process, he offers the reader with bills of discoveries as they happened in fieldwork and the improvement of interpretations to provide an explanation for the traditional refuse and cobble structure his crew exposed. As his tale progresses amid the attraction of the Costa Rican panorama, examine plans are adjusted and infrequently thoroughly overturned as new discoveries, frequently serendipitous ones, are made. Such altering situations result in new insights into the increase and fall of the folks who outfitted the cobble circles and raised the status stones at Rivas 1000 years in the past.
during this full of life story of archaeological experience within the tropical wooded area, Jeffrey Quilter tells the tale of his excavation of Rivas, an outstanding ceremonial middle on the foot of the Talamanca Mountain variety, which flourished among a.d. 900 and 1300, and its fabled gold-filled cemetery, the Panteón de los angeles Reina. starting with the 1992 box season and finishing with the final excavations in 1998, Quilter discusses Rivas’s developers and clients, theories on chiefdom societies, and the day-by-day interactions and surprises of recent archaeological fieldwork.
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Additional resources for Cobble Circles and Standing Stones: Archaeology at the Rivas Site, Costa Rica
3. Photograph of the “last cacique” (chief ) of the Talamancas, Antonio Saldaña. The butts of house posts can be seen resting on the ground and perhaps behind a stone at the entry. Note the gold “eagles” worn by Saldaña at far left. Photo by Luis Ferrero. ufacture or maintenance of wood-working or agricultural tools was one of the activities carried out in or near this structure. We located the remains of two other cobble circles near Structure 1. The northwestern side of Structure 2 and the northern edge of Structure 3, both outside the guava grove, had been disturbed by recent agricultural activity.
No such structure was found. The work around the boulder uncovered concentrations of small cobbles in addition to artifacts, mostly on top of them. There was another large boulder located at S68/E36, with large spall fragments around it and cobbles densely packed around the larger stones. Because they were located in the southeastern portion of our work area, we referred to this concentration for a long period of time as Piedras SE. We opened up a series of pits around this concentration of cobbles and boulders and found great amounts of artifacts.
In many societies in which houses have earthen ﬂoors, there is an accretion of ﬂoor layers throughout time. This occurs when new earth is brought into a dwelling and tamped down or otherwise sealed over the old ﬂoor. 1. Excavations in Operation A, 1992. Map by R. J. Frost and J. Quilter. 2. Excavations in Operation A. View of Structure I from Grid NE looking in the direction of Grid SW. have been to clean ﬂoors by sweeping out accumulated rubbish and the layer of soil in which it was embedded. If so, over time, the ﬂoor levels of houses might have sunk below the ground surface outside.