By Bart Geerts, Edward Linacre
Climates and climate defined integrates climatology and meteorology to give a entire advent to the examine of the ambience. transparent causes of easy ideas, options and tactics are supported via a wealth of hugely informative illustrations and an array of case stories. The authors of this cutting edge textbook/CD package deal supply priceless new insights into topical environmental issues together with weather switch, worldwide warming, dangers, sustainable inhabitants, environmental degradation, agriculture and drought. offering assets for functional paintings and extra complex examine, the CD-ROM beneficial properties: over a hundred and seventy additional medical "Notes", with 60 extra illustrations and tables; interactive numerical, a number of selection and useful routines and self-assessment exams; prolonged courses to additional analyzing; prolonged word list; educating feedback and courses; hypertext presentation and broad cross-referencing; transparent navigation, print-out and obtain thoughts.
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Extra resources for Climates and Weather Explained
Cloud alters the net radiation at the surface less than might be expected, despite the reduced solar radiation Rs. RS back down by the cloud, (iii) increased sky radiation downwards, and (iv) less terrestrial radiation up on account of the cooling of areas shaded by cloud. A similar compensation applies with an increase of altitude; greater solar radiation (due to less attenuation by the atmosphere) is offset by less longwave radiation from the colder and drier sky. 19). Part of the reason is that summers in northern Australia are cloudy, offsetting the reduced insolation at higher latitudes.
1. e. at latitudes above 66° 33’S), with continual sunshine over several days. Conversely, there are 24 hours of darkness each day in midwinter. At a midlatitude city like Dunedin (48°S), daylength is about 16 hours in midsummer, but less than 9 hours in midwinter. 7 Sunspots on the Sun. (Note that it is dangerous to try to observe them directly with the naked eye, doubly so with binoculars, and trebly with a telescope. 8 hours at Darwin (12°S). 7). Each spot appears to drift eastwards (showing that the Sun rotates once every 27 days) and towards the Sun’s equator, before disappearing.
The next dividing zone is the stratopause at around 50 km, which separates the mesosphere above from the stratosphere below. 7 per cent of the atmosphere is found below the stratopause. 4), and (ii) absorption by the ozone of longwave radiation from the ground beneath (Chapter 2). There is normally a negative lapse rate throughout the stratosphere, due to the relatively high temperature at the stratopause. 9), due to the absence of sunshine for several months. The result is that temperatures are below -100°C at the polar stratopause in winter, and this produces upper winds exceeding 60 m/s at the highest latitudes (Chapter 12).