By Yoichi Kaya, Visit Amazon's Kenji Yamaji Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Kenji Yamaji, , Keigo Akimoto
In the contexts of the worldwide warming main issue dealing with the area, weather swap mitigation suggestions needs to be constructed with a deep realizing of the technology in the back of the effect of weather swap and variations that has to be made. This ebook discusses the mitigation technique of weather switch from the point of view of Japan and adopts a accomplished view on weather swap technology, bearing in mind the hot foreign discussions at the topic, together with these of the United international locations Framework conference on weather switch and the Intergovernmental Panel on weather switch. moreover, this publication discusses power and surroundings techniques in Japan, really after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear strength twist of fate, underpinning Japan's old loss of average source and the ensuing problems it faces in maintaining with the call for for strength. eventually, this publication offers the quantitative version to evaluate eventualities for weather mitigation and their linked bills and financial affects for the formula of a countrywide procedure for a good and sustainable set of weather switch mitigation measures.
Readership: Graduate scholars, researchers and readers attracted to strength reports and weather switch mitigation.
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Extra info for Climate Change and Energy: Japanese Perspectives on Climate Change Mitigation Strategy
This suggests that further expansion of nuclear power in the world will be conducted rather slowly. Another important non-carbon energy source is the group of renewables, which include photovoltaics and wind power for electric power, and biomass converted into alcohol such as ethanol and firewood. In the case of biomass and firewood, these emit CO2 when burned because they consist of compounds of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. However, they absorb CO2 from the air when they grow and thus, the amounts of CO2 absorbed and emitted are equal.
Another way to check this difficulty is to evaluate the cost necessary to attain this target. 3 . This is a dynamic optimization model of the world, which can construct global scenarios of minimizing the total cost for halving global CO2 emission by 2050. 16 shows the contribution of various measures to reduce worldwide CO2 emissions to a half of the present level. The top curve of the graph in Fig. 16 is the “business as usual” (BAU) scenario, which shows that global CO2 emissions in 2050 will be more than CO2 emissions and reductions (GtCO2 /year) 70 60 Power: CCS Power: renewables Power: nuclear power 50 Power: efficiency improvement and fuel switching among fossil fuels Other energy conversion 40 Residential and commercial 30 Transportation Industry 20 10 0 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 International marine and aviation bunker Industrial process CO2 emission reductions from LULUCF CO2 emissions Fig.
4) is useful for investigating the attainability of this target: C= C/E + E. 5) March 11, 2015 9:38 Climate Change and Energy Japanese. . 6). 2. 3% per year). Shown in Fig. 19 are the past trends of − C/E (this can be called the rate of change of decarbonization) in major developed countries from 1971 to 2009. 5% to 1% per year. The exceptionally high value of 4% is seen in the case of France between 1981 and 1990. In this period, many nuclear power plants began operation in France, and the total capacity of nuclear power plants in France in 1990 was almost five times larger than that in 1981.