Posted on

Clefts and their Relatives by Matthew Reeve

By Matthew Reeve

Cleft buildings have lengthy awarded an analytical problem for syntactic concept. This monograph argues that clefts and comparable structures can't be analysed in a straightforwardly compositional demeanour. as an alternative, it proposes that the locality stipulations on amendment (for instance by means of a restrictive relative clause) needs to be reformulated such that they account for the plain compositionality of DP-internal amendment when additionally allowing ‘discontinuous’ amendment of the kind that is independently wanted for structures similar to relative clause extraposition. The empirical concentration of the booklet is on clefts in English and Russian, that have an identical interpretation yet significantly divergent syntactic constructions. the writer argues that, regardless of those syntactic variations, either different types of cleft are mapped to their semantic interpretations within the similar demeanour. This monograph should be crucial analyzing for these engaged on cleft structures and copular sentences extra in general, and should be of curiosity to these engaged on the syntax-semantics interface.

Show description

Read Online or Download Clefts and their Relatives PDF

Best grammar books

Interaction and Grammar

Many students of language have accredited a view of grammar as a basically delineated and internally coherent constitution that's most sensible understood as a self-contained method. The participants to this quantity suggest a truly varied means of coming near near and figuring out grammar: taking as their place to begin the location that the very integrity of grammar is certain up with its position within the higher schemes of the association of human behavior, relatively social interplay, their essays discover a wealthy number of linkages among interplay and grammar.

Portuguese Syntax: New Comparative Studies (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)

This quantity is a set of formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the next features of Portuguese syntax: clause constitution, clitic placement, notice order edition, pronominal approach, verb move, quantification, and distribution of debris. The articles are written in the rules and parameters framework and distinction Portuguese with different Romance languages.

La Grammaire du latin

Le Bescherelle Grammaire du latin est une grammaire très uncomplicated et complète de los angeles langue latine. Il a pour objectif de permettre l. a. lecture, le traduction et l'interprétation des textes. Sujet traité: Langues Description écriture: Ce Bescherelle comprend quatre events : - écriture et prononciation; - morphologie; - syntaxe; - grammaire de l'énoncé et du texte.

Semantics and morphosyntactic variation : qualities and the grammar of property concepts

This ebook explores a key factor in linguistic concept, the systematic edition in shape among semantic equivalents throughout languages. contrasting perspectives of the position of lexical which means within the research of such edition are available within the literature: (i) uniformity, wherein lexical which means is common, and version arises from idiosyncratic changes within the stock and phonological form of language-particular sensible fabric, and (ii) transparency, wherein systematic version in shape arises from systematic version within the which means of simple lexical goods.

Additional resources for Clefts and their Relatives

Sample text

And Sornicola (1988:â•›348) among others, the agreement in features is only partial: the cleft clause verb normally agrees with the clefted XP for number but not for person. 31 It is less clear that it is incompatible with a syntactic modifier specified as [+human], since there is no independent evidence (such as agreement on the copula) showing this. If we compare clefts with other types of specificational sentences, however, it becomes clear that the former are restricted by the [±human] specification of the clefted XP in a way that the latter are not:32 (59) a.

Ii) α c-commands β iff α does not dominate β and there is no δ that dominates α and not β. (iii) δ is a barrier for α iff (i) δ is an Xmax that dominates β and (ii) δ is not θ-governed (directly θ-marked). (iv) δ (δ = Xmax) excludes α if no segment of δ dominates α. (v) δ (δ = Xmax) dominates α only if every segment of δ contains α. e. β is an extraposed phrase which can take α as its antecedent – MJR], only if α and β are in a Â�government relation. e. to overt rather than to underlying representations).

As shown in (40), extraction from clefts patterns with extraction from extraposed restrictive relatives rather than with extraction from complement clause wh-islands. Adjunct extraction is completely �ungrammatical in all three cases, as shown in (40b,c,f), while object extraction is considerably worse from extraposed relatives or clefts than from complement �wh-islands, as shown in (40a,c,e) respectively: (40) a. *[Which drink]i did you see a man yesterday [who bought ti]? *Howi did you see a man yesterday [who bought the drink ti]?

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 37 votes