By James F. White Jr., Charles W. Bacon, Nigel L. Hywel-Jones, Joseph W. Spatafora
The clavicipitaleans have an extended, bittersweet dating with people. Clavicipitaleans comparable to Claviceps and Epichloa" have been the reasons of a number of human and animal toxicoses all through recorded heritage. Claviceps and Cordyceps have been the assets of a treasure chest of medications that experience benefited thousands of individuals. Clavicipitaleans have discovered functions in biocontrol of bugs, nematodes, and fungi. up to we all know approximately them, there's even more to profit approximately their evolutionary improvement on a genomic and biochemical level."Clavicipitalean Fungi: Evolutionary Biology, Chemistry, Biocontrol, and Cultural affects" presents a starting place for constructing wisdom of the whole family members. This reference analyzes the ecology, evolution, genetics, body structure, and taxonomy of this diversified crew of fungi for identity of universal organic, biochemical, and genetic positive aspects and discovery of strength scientific and agricultural functions. It strains and reconstructs the evolution of varied host-endoparasite structures and experiences contemporary taxonomic learn and DNA series analyses on plant-infecting clavicipitaleans. delivering a holistic view of the whole clavicipitalean relatives, the publication compares morphologic, geographic, and host adaptations between a variety of clavicipitalean populations and examines key discoveries and compounds got in clavicipitalean reports.
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Additional resources for Clavicipitalean Fungi: Evolutionary Biology, Chemistry, Biocontrol And Cultural Impacts (Mycology)
Gams (Fig. 16b)] successfully parasitized eggs after 2 months. Meyer and Wergin (1998) observed colonization of cysts and females of soybean cyst nematodes when L. lecanii was added to monoxenic nematode cultures, with fungal multiplication in the gelatinous matrix but relatively little penetration of the eggs. Observed antagonistic effects by this fungus reducing viability of cyst nematode eggs (Ha¨nssler, 1990) might be attributed to chemical action. Copyright © 2003 Marcel Dekker FIGURE 16 (a) Lecanicillium muscarium; (b) L.
Bacterial feeder nematodes are much more prone to parasitism by both nematode-capturing and endoparasitic fungi. They can ingest conidia of Copyright © 2003 Marcel Dekker their parasites, such as Harposporium species, through their wider mouth openings. For the adhesion of conidia of Drechmeria (or to a lesser extent of Haptocillium) to speciﬁc parts of the body, chemical factors are responsible, which are still not sufﬁciently elucidated (see below under Drechmeria). The difference between bacteriophagous and phytophagous nematodes is of great ecological signiﬁcance in relation to endoparasitic and other nematophagous fungi.
Aphanocladium-like species of Lecanicillium 15. 16 150 . 17 16. Parasites of bdelloid rotifers; intercalary phialides with a lateral neck normally present below terminal, ﬂask-shaped or elongate phialides; conidia adhering in heads; a conspicuous oil globule present in each conidium; dictyochlamydospores commonly present, often ﬂattened ....................................................................... see 12. Rotiferophthora 160 . Parasites of free-living nematodes; conidia balanoid, campanulate to cylindrical, subglobose to irregularly angular, mostly terminally adhesive (visible as a wall thickening at the upper, more or less Copyright © 2003 Marcel Dekker FIGURE 6 Paecilomyces lilacinus, conidiophores and conidia from various isolates or specimens.