By Knut Andreas Bergsvik, Robin Skeates
Caves in Context presents the thriving inter-disciplinary box of cave experiences with a European-scale survey of present study in cave archaeology. it truly is unified by way of a latest theoretical emphasis at the cultural importance and variety of caves over area and time. Caves and rockshelters are discovered far and wide Europe, and feature usually been occupied by way of human teams, from prehistory correct as much as the current day. a few seem to have in simple terms strains of brief occupations, whereas others comprise deep cultural deposits, indicating longer and a number of occupations. particularly, there's nice variability of their human use, either secular and sacred. the purpose of this booklet is to discover the a number of significances of those average areas in quite a number chronological, spatial, and cultural contexts throughout Europe. the quantity demonstrates, via a range of archaeological methods and examples, that cave experiences, whist inevitably focussed, can be of value to wider, modern, archaeological examine agendas, fairly while a contextual process is followed. The e-book is usually of relevance to different students operating within the similar fields of speleology, earth sciences, panorama stories, and anthropology, which jointly include the inter-disciplinary box of cave experiences.
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Additional resources for Caves in Context: The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe
Mesh MASL *C14‐dated sites pations data bones Shells 1 Dollsteinhula Coast Cave 1952, 1954 60–70 46 not sieved 69 4700–4300* N, BA, IA X – X 2 Hella Mount. Rockshelter 1982 –83 13 30 10–15 c. 20 4mm 1157 6500–4000* N X 3 Styggvasshelleren Mount. Rockshelter 1982–83 25 47 c. 30 4mm 1156 6700–4000* N, BA, IA X – – 4 Austdalsvatn (J-2) Mount. Boulder 1982 2 2 4mm 1157 8000–4000 none X – – 5 Fuglehelleren Coast Rockshelter 1967 – Test-pit – not sieved – 8000–4000 IA? X – – 6 Grønehelleren Coast Rockshelter 1964, 1966 c.
During the relevant period 8000–4000 cal BC, the shorelines along the coastline were generally between 5 and 15m above today’s levels, depending on local geological conditions. Due to increasingly stronger isostatic uplift in the eastern direction, the Mesolithic shorelines were higher in the fjords than at the coast (Prøsch-Danielsen 2006; Kaland1984; Svendsen and Mangerud 1987). Including the Viste cave, a total of 23 rockshelters are situated on the coast. 13 of these were situated close to the shoreline, had short distances to marine as well as terrestrial resources and were favourably placed in relation to communication routes.
It is situated close to the shoreline in a protected bay. The site was test-pit surveyed in 1973 (Bjørgo 1974). A quartz microblade dates it generally to 8000–4000 cal BC. A core and several flakes of diﬀerent raw materials were also found. A few fragments of fish bones were collected, and also some shells. 8. Skipshelleren (Fig. ) is situated in Vaksdal, Hordaland in a deep and narrow fjord, at the end of the watercourse leading down from the Voss valley. The site was excavated in 1930 and 1931 (Bøe 1934; H.