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Language universals and linguistic typology: syntax and by Bernard Comrie

By Bernard Comrie

In view that its first e-book, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has develop into verified because the best introductory account of 1 of the best parts of linguistics—the research, comparability, and category of the typical beneficial properties and varieties of the association of languages. Adopting an method of the topic pioneered via Greenberg and others, Bernard Comrie is very considering syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to be aware order, case making, relative clauses, and causative structures. His booklet is knowledgeable all through through the conviction that an exemplary account of common houses of human language can't limit itself to merely formal elements, nor specialise in research of a unmarried language. relatively, it also needs to think of language use, relate formal houses to testable claims approximately cognition and cognitive improvement, and deal with facts from a variety of languages. This moment variation has been revised and up-to-date to take complete account of recent learn in universals and typology long ago decade, and extra quite often to think about how the process recommended the following pertains to fresh advances in generative grammatical conception.

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Non-Canonical Passives by Artemis Alexiadou, Florian Schäfer

By Artemis Alexiadou, Florian Schäfer

This quantity encompasses a collection of papers facing buildings that experience a passive-like interpretation yet don't appear to proportion the entire homes with canonical passives. The fifteen chapters of this quantity increase vital questions in regards to the right characterization of the common houses of passivization and mirror the present dialogue during this quarter, overlaying syntactic, semantic, psycho-linguistic and typological facets of the phenomenon, from assorted theoretical views and in several language households and subsidized up quite often through wide corpora and experimental reports.

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Three-participant Constructions in English: A by An Laffut

By An Laffut

This research goals to offer a scientific and complete description of the buildings thinking about 3 very important kinds of alternation: the locative alternation, that's by means of some distance the main researched of the 3, the picture impact alternation and the material/product alternation. the writer appears to be like on the buildings as a part of alternation, but in addition seems past the alternations, and analyzes and describes the structures of their personal correct. they're analyzed as three-participant buildings with relational enhances, construing causation of the 3 major subtypes of relatives, specifically extensive, circumstantial and possessive kin. specific realization is paid to the concept that of holicity, to the prestige of the prepositional phrase, and to collocational homes, which play a key position within the choice as to which exchange might be considered as the unmarked one inside of its development paradigm. The process taken is electrified by means of systemic practical grammar and will commonly be characterised as cognitive-functional.

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Vowel Harmony and Correspondence Theory by Martin Krämer

By Martin Krämer

The ebook covers the main concerns within the generative research of vowel concord and vowel concord typology. It deals a cost-effective account of the main famous positive aspects of vowel concord structures (root keep watch over, affix keep an eye on, dominance, vowel opacity, and neutrality) in the framework of optimality conception, extending the proposal of correspondence to the syntagmatic size. The e-book incorporates a typological assessment of vowel concord styles, an creation to the fundamentals of optimality concept together with a few of its latest extensions and particular reviews of concord structures in 10 languages from quite a few language households.

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New Directions in Cognitive Linguistics (Human Cognitive by Vyvyan Evans

By Vyvyan Evans

Approximately 3 a long time because the ebook of the seminal Metaphors we are living By, Cognitive Linguistics is now a mature theoretical and empirical company, with a voluminous linked literature. it's arguably the main swiftly increasing ‘school’ in sleek linguistics, and probably the most interesting components of analysis in the interdisciplinary venture often called cognitive technology. As such, Cognitive Linguistics is more and more attracting a vast readership either inside linguistics in addition to from neighbouring disciplines together with different cognitive and social sciences, and from disciplines in the humanities. This quantity includes over 20 papers by way of prime specialists in cognitive linguistics which survey the state-of-the-art and new instructions in cognitive linguistics. the amount is split into five sections protecting all of the conventional parts of research in cognitive linguistics, in addition to more recent components, together with purposes and extensions. Sections comprise: techniques to semantics; methods to metaphor and mixing; methods to grammar; Language, embodiment and cognition; Extensions and functions of cognitive linguistics.

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Patterns and Development in the English Clause System: A by Clarence Green

By Clarence Green

This ebook examines intimately the varieties and features of clause mixture in English. utilizing a corpus linguistics method, it describes how the English clause approach at the moment behaves, the way it has constructed over the background of the language, and the way the positive aspects and homes of English clause mix have vital theoretical and empirical importance. Adopting the cognitive-functional Adaptive method of grammar, it deals a chain of interconnected experiences that examine how English clause mix interacts with the homes of coherence and solidarity in discourse throughout old time, in addition in modern language use. This paintings contributes to the ever-increasing universal flooring among corpus linguistics and cognitive-functional linguistics, generating new paths for interdisciplinary research.

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Aspects of Split Ergativity by Jessica Coon

By Jessica Coon

In languages with aspect-based cut up ergativity, one component of the grammar follows an ergative development, whereas one other indicates a "split." during this e-book, Jessica Coon argues that aspectual break up ergativity doesn't mark a break up in how case is assigned, yet really, a cut up in sentence constitution. particularly, the contexts during which we discover the looks of a nonergative development in an in a different way ergative language contain additional structure--a disassociation among the syntactic predicate and the stem sporting the lexical verb stem.

The e-book starts off with an research of break up individual marking styles in Chol, a Mayan language of southern Mexico. the following visual appeal of break up ergativity follows evidently from the truth that the revolutionary and the imperfective morphemes are verbs, whereas the perfective morpheme isn't. the truth that the nonperfective morphemes are verbs, mixed with autonomous houses of Chol grammar, leads to the looks of a split.

This ebook extra surveys aspectual splits in quite a few unrelated languages and gives a proof for the common directionality of cut up ergativity: in splits, ergativity is often retained within the perfective point. Following Laka's (2006) thought for Basque, Coon proposes that the cross-linguistic tendency for imperfective facets to trend with locative buildings is chargeable for the biclausality which explanations the looks of a nonergative trend. development on Demirdache and Uribe-Etxebarria's (2000) prepositional account of spatiotemporal family members, Coon proposes that the perfective is rarely periphrastic--and hence by no means includes a split--because there isn't any preposition in ordinary language that accurately captures the relation of the assertion time to the event time denoted by means of the perfective point.

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Thoughts on Grammaticalization by Christian Lehmann

By Christian Lehmann

After a quick overview of the historical past of analysis, the paintings introduces and delimits the ideas with regards to grammaticalization. It then presents huge exemplification of grammaticalization phenomena in different languages, ordered by way of grammatical domain names corresponding to the verbal, pronominal and nominal sphere and clause point kin. the ultimate bankruptcy offers a idea of grammaticalization that's in response to the autonomy of the linguistic signal with recognize to the paradigmatic and syntagmatic axes. this is often the foundation of the structural parameters that represent grammaticalization. they're operationalized to the purpose of rendering levels of grammaticalization measurable. the current variation includes corrections of the 1995 version.

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