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To Break Our Chains: Social Cohesiveness and Modern by Jerome Braun

By Jerome Braun

Jerome Braun, recognized for his writings in interdisciplinary social technological know-how, during this publication offers a concrete reference for such summary problems with social conception as democracy from a cross-cultural viewpoint, alienation in glossy society, and the relation among social cohesiveness and political democracy. This booklet additionally incorporates a good deal of writing on sensible matters starting from nihilism to figurehead politicians to working-class lifestyles. within the precis part it bargains with the types of items severe theorists prefer to touch upon, yet hardly with rather a lot functional perception.

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Made to Be Seen: Perspectives on the History of Visual by Marcus Banks, Jay Ruby

By Marcus Banks, Jay Ruby

Author note: Marcus Banks (Editor), Jay Ruby (Editor)
Publish yr note: First released June fifteenth 2011
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Made to be Seen brings jointly top students of visible anthropology to ascertain the ancient improvement of this multifaceted and starting to be box. increasing the definition of visible anthropology past extra constrained notions, the members to Made to be Seen ponder the position of the visible in all components of existence. various essays seriously study quite a number subject matters: paintings, costume and physique adornment, images, the equipped surroundings, electronic different types of visible anthropology, indigenous media, the physique as a cultural phenomenon, the connection among experimental and ethnographic movie, and more.

The first try to current a entire evaluation of the numerous elements of an anthropological method of the research of visible and pictorial tradition, Made to be Seen often is the normal reference at the topic for years yet to come. scholars and students in anthropology, sociology, visible reviews, and cultural reviews will tremendously make the most of this pioneering examine the best way the visible is inextricably threaded via such a lot, if now not all, parts of human job.

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Social Theory and Archaeology by Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilley

By Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilley

Archaeological thought and approach have lately develop into the topic of full of life debate targeted at the starting to be recognition that archaeological concept is social concept and as such should be checked out via a wide selection of sociological frameworks, similar to structuralism and post-structuralism, Marxism and demanding idea. during this research, Shanks and Tilley argue opposed to the functionalism and positivism which end result from an insufficient assimilation of social concept into the day by day perform of archaeology. aimed toward a sophisticated undergraduate viewers, the booklet offers a problem to the conventional proposal of the archaeologist as explorer or discoverer and the more moderen emphasis on archaeology as behavioural technological know-how. The authors learn and evaluation the recent percentages for a self-reflexive, serious and political perform of archaeology, productively linking the prior to the current.

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Et l’homme créa les dieux. Comment expliquer la religion by Pascal Boyer

By Pascal Boyer

Quatrième de couverture :

Là où il y a des hommes, il y a des dieux, des ancêtres, des esprits, des sorciers et des démons. Pourquoi ?
Dans cet ouvrage novateur, Pascal Boyer résout l’énigme en l’abordant sous trois angles différents. D’abord, les résultats de l’ethnographie moderne démontrent l’étonnante diversité des religions humaines mais aussi l’existence, sous ce foisonnement, de thèmes récurrents, de caractéristiques universelles. Ensuite, les sciences du cerveau, qui ont connu une véritable révolution au cours des trois dernières décennies, permettent de comprendre remark se forment les croyances religieuses. Enfin, le renouvellement de l. a. réflexion darwinienne appliquée au cerveau permet d’inscrire le phénomène religieux dans l’histoire de notre espèce.
Cette approche croisée permet non seulement de comprendre enfin pourquoi los angeles faith existe, mais aussi pourquoi elle entretient un rapport particulier avec los angeles mort et los angeles morale, pourquoi il y a des rituels, pourquoi il existe des associations et des doctrines, et pourquoi los angeles strength de ces croyances est telle qu’elles peuvent pousser les hommes au don de soi — mais aussi à l’intolérance et au fanatisme.

====== desk des matières ======

Remerciements

1. l. a. query des origines
    Pour trouver « où logent ces riens aériens »
    Scénarios des origines
    Étonnante diversité
    Scénarios intellectuels : le besoin d’explication
        L’intelligence comme assemblage de machines explicatives
    Scénarios émotionnels : l. a. faith est resource de réconfort
    Scénarios sociaux : los angeles faith est une bonne selected pour l. a. société
    Religion et esprit social
    Le sommeil de l. a. raison : l. a. faith comme illusion
    Prendre le problème à l’envers
    Boîte à outils anthropologique Nᵒ 1 : tradition et « mèmes »
    La distorsion est essentielle
    Des schémas conceptuels pour attraper des concepts
    Épidémies de culture
    Un labyrinthe de questions

2. À quoi ressemble le surnaturel ?
    La faith n’est-elle qu’une query d’étrangeté ?
    L’acquisition de nouveaux concepts
        Un peu de terminologie
    Schémas conceptuels et suggestions religieux : étape Nᵒ 1
        Activité biologique contraire à l’intuition
        Propriétés mentales contraires à l’intuition
    Schémas conceptuels et suggestions religieux : étape Nᵒ 2
    Ce qui, dans le paranormal, est intuitif
    Du catalogue du surnaturel à l. a. théologie expérimentale…
        Mémoire, intuitions et bizarreries
        La mémorisation n’est pas (très) différente d’une tradition à l’autre
        Les violations restent limitées
        Le « théologiquement correct »
    Contes à dormir debout ou faith sérieuse ?

3. Machines à pensées
    Être un invité dans sa propre tête
    Systèmes d’inférence
    Les systèmes dans le cerveau
    Ce que nous savons dès le jardin d’enfants
        Qu’y a-t-il à l’intérieur d’un crocodile ?
        Pourquoi certains objets bougent-ils de leur propre gré ?
        Qui est qui ?
        Combien d’objets y a-t-il ?
    L’inné et le développement
    L’architecture et l’architecte
    Boîte à outils Nᵒ 2 : psychologie évolutionniste
    La vie dans le milieu informationnel
        Les êtres humains ont soif d’information
        Les êtres humains coopèrent
        L’esprit social
    Découplage et contraintes
    Produits dérivés et autres gadgets

4. Pourquoi des dieux et des esprits ?
    La religiont est avant tout pratique
    Les dieux et les esprits en tant que personnes
    Agents surnaturels et prédateurs
    Les dieux sont-ils vraiment comme des prédateurs ?
    Les dieux et les esprits comme partenaires : compagnons imaginaires et amis invisibles
    L’information stratégique
    Les dieux et les esprits : des personnes spéciales
    La pertinence dans l. a. transmission culturelle
    Boîte à outils Nᵒ 3 : pertinence et transmission
    La pertinence des brokers surnaturels

5. l. a. faith, l. a. morale et le malheur
    Législateurs, parangons et observateurs
    Raisonnement ethical et sentiments moraux
    Le sens ethical précoce
    Dispositions pour los angeles coopération
    Au-delà de l’opportunisme
    Dispositions générales, jugements variables
    Agents surnaturels et intuitions morales
    Sorcellerie et malheur
    Mauvais œil et dieux vengeurs
    Le malheur comme fait social
    Causes et raisons du malheur
    Le malheur comme interplay sociale
    Les brokers surnaturels comme partenaires d’échanges
    Les dieux et les esprits sont des parasites

6. l. a. faith, les morts, l. a. mort
    Terreur déplacée et piètre consolation
    Les rituels de mort : il faut faire quelque chose
    Ce qui compte, c’est le corps
    La toxins et ses causes
    Mort, prédation et intuition
    Qu’est-ce qu’une personne ?
    Lorsque différents systèmes ne sont pas en harmonie
    Les cadavres induisent l. a. dissociation
    Chagrin et peur spécifiques ou terreur globale ?
    Cadavres et brokers surnaturels

7. Pourquoi des rituels ?
    Actes de grande value (et de moindre signification)
    Des contraptions remarquables
    Le sentiment intuitif d’urgence
    Règles obsessionnelles
    Urgence et précautions rituelles
    Un échange sans partenaire
    Fabriquer des hommes
    Marquer et créer des occasions
    La magie de l. a. société
    Pertinence des dispositifs rituels
    La transcendance banale : là où se glissent les dieux et les esprits
    Ce que font les dieux (et ce qu’on leur fait)
    Ce que nous savons n’est pas l’explication des rituels

8. Doctrines, exclusion, violence
    La doctrine manquante
    Plusieurs doctrines de trop
    Les spécialistes locaux
    Origine des corporations
    Les recommendations proposés par les enterprises de lettrés
    Le mirage du théologiquement correct
    La tragédie du théologien
    Les dieux sont-ils le fondement de l. a. communauté ?
    Concepts d’essence et intuitions
    Le fondamentalisme et le prix de l. a. défection

9. Pourquoi croit-on ?
    Est-on croyant par laxisme ?
    Croyances et modèle judiciaire
    Des croyances simples dans un esprit complexe
    Croyances spéciales, personnes spéciales, neurones spéciaux ?
    L’expérience exceptionnelle est-elle los angeles resource des croyances ?
    Les brokers sont pertinents pour plusieurs systèmes
    Ce qui rend les brokers surnaturels plus plausibles
    Pourquoi los angeles croyance individuelle reste un mystère
    Une réussite contre nature
    Comment nous sommes devenus modernes (et religieux) : épilogue d’un scénario épique
    Résumé final : une histoire complète de toutes les religions
    Les mains invisibles

Pour en savoir plus
Notes
Bibliographie
Index
Table des matières

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Challenging Islamic Orthodoxy: Accounts of Lia Eden and by Al Makin

By Al Makin

This booklet is the 1st paintings that comprehensively provides the debts of Lia Eden, a former flower arranger who claims to have obtained divine messages from the Archangel Gabriel and based the divine Eden nation in her condominium in Jakarta. This booklet locations Lia Eden’s prophetic trajectory within the context of numerous Indonesian non secular and non secular traditions, in which hundreds of thousands of others additionally claimed to were commanded through God to steer humans and to set up spiritual teams. This e-book deals a clean procedure in the direction of the wealthy Indonesian non secular and religious traditions with specific recognition to the debts of the emergence of indigenous prophets who based a few well known religions. It provides the background of prophetic culture which is still alive in Indonesian society from the colonial to reform interval. It additionally explores the ways that those prophets rebelled opposed to hegemonies: colonial energy long ago and Islamic orthodoxy within the current. The dialogue of this publication specializes in Lia Eden together with her biography, claims to prophethood and divinity, the advance of her workforce Eden nation, her problem to Islamic orthodoxy below the banner of the MUI (Indonesian Ulama Council), her persecution by way of radical teams, her studies in courtroom trials and imprisonment, and public responses to her emergence. The dialogue additionally covers different topics at present drawing public awareness in Indonesia, comparable to pluralism, non secular freedom, tolerance, discrimination opposed to minorities, and secularisation.

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Gramsci, Culture and Anthropology: An Introductory Text by Kate Crehan

By Kate Crehan

Within the final two decades, the legacy of Italian theorist Antonio Gramsci has soared to new heights. His paintings has turn into some of the most brought up assets on strength and hegemony. he's usually utilized by anthropologists engaged on problems with tradition and gear. This ebook explores Gramsci's realizing of tradition and the hyperlinks among tradition and tool on the subject of anthropology. huge use is made from Gramsci's personal writings, together with his pre-prison journalism and legal letters in addition to the criminal notebooks. The ebook additionally presents an account of the highbrow and political contexts during which he was once writing. The problem Grasmci's technique offers to a couple universal anthropological assumptions concerning the nature of 'culture' is tested as is the aptitude usefulness of Gramsci's writings for modern anthropologists.

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Maya Ethnolinguistic Identity: Violence, Cultural Rights, by Brigittine M. French

By Brigittine M. French

In this beneficial ebook, ethnographer and anthropologist Brigittine French mobilizes new critical-theoretical views in linguistic anthropology, making use of them to the politically charged context of up to date Guatemala. starting with an exam of the “nationalist venture” that has been ongoing because the finish of the colonial interval, French interrogates the “Guatemalan/indigenous binary.” In Guatemala, “Ladino” refers back to the Spanish-speaking minority of the inhabitants, who're of combined eu, often Spanish, and indigenous ancestry; “Indian” is known to intend nearly all of Guatemala’s inhabitants, who communicate one of many twenty-one languages within the Maya linguistic teams of the rustic, even though degrees of bilingualism are very excessive between so much Maya groups. As French indicates, the Guatemalan kingdom has actively promoted a racialized, essentialized concept of “Indians” as an undifferentiated, inherently inferior crew that has stood stubbornly within the means of nationwide growth, team spirit, and development—which are, implicitly, the targets of “true Guatemalans” (that is, Ladinos).

French exhibits, with invaluable examples, how buildings of language and collective identification are actually techniques undertaken to serve the pursuits of associations (including the govt., the army, the academic approach, and the church) and social actors (including linguists, students, and activists). yet by way of incorporating in-depth fieldwork with teams that talk Kaqchikel and K’iche’ in addition to analyses of Spanish-language discourses, Maya Ethnolinguistic Identity additionally exhibits how a few participants in city, bilingual Indian groups have disrupted the essentializing initiatives of multiculturalism. And by way of concentrating on ideologies of language, the writer is ready to explicitly hyperlink linguistic varieties and capabilities with higher problems with recognition, gender politics, social positions, and the forging of hegemonic strength relations.

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Global Magic: Technologies of Appropriation from Ancient by Alf Hornborg

By Alf Hornborg

Modern idea on economics and know-how isn't any much less magical than the realm perspectives of non-modern peoples. This ebook unearths how our rules approximately development and development forget about how cash and machines all through background were used to use much less prosperous components of global society. The argument significantly explores a center floor among Marxist political ecology and Actor-Network Theory.

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