By David Edmonds
The critical subject for this ebook is the ethics of treating members as if they're contributors of teams. The publication increases many attention-grabbing questions, including:
- Why can we think a lot more strongly approximately discrimination on sure grounds – e.g. of race and intercourse - than discrimination on different grounds? Are we correct to imagine that discrimination according to those features is mainly invidious?
- What should still we predict approximately ‘rational discrimination’ – ‘discrimination’ that's in accordance with sound statistics?
To take only one of dozens of examples from the e-book. think a landlord turns away a potential tenant, simply because this potential tenant is of a selected ethnicity – arguing that information express that one in 4 of this staff were proven long ago to default on their lease. That turns out sincerely unfair to humans of this ethnicity. yet we're commonly being judged during this manner – not only at the foundation of our ethnicity, yet assumptions are made approximately us and judgements taken approximately us in line with our gender, faith, task, post-code, leisure pursuits, blood-group, nationality, and so forth. Now feel that one other landlord turns away a convicted felony, arguing that one in 4 of convicted criminals were proven to be unreliable lease payers. Is our instinct similar to earlier than? may still it be?
This book is compatible for all scholars of philosophy, specially people with an curiosity in utilized ethics.
Read or Download Caste Wars: The Philosophy of Discrimination (Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory) PDF
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Extra info for Caste Wars: The Philosophy of Discrimination (Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory)
From the perspective of the assessed, the sense of injustice is likely to be greatest where the patient has been mislabeled and where there exist ways for others to find out whether the patient has been placed in the appropriate group. ) There is likely to be a residual feeling of injustice even where others mislabel one, through no fault of their own. But where the inner and outer perspectives are identical, where the perspective from the corridor is the same as that from inside the patient’s head (as in Wards 1 and 3), the patients could not accuse those who behave as if they were at risk of being guilty of any sort of discrimination.
A rule ‘Women need not apply’ is not the same as a rule ‘Those who choose brown sauce should pay extra’. One’s sex does not affect just one aspect of one’s life, it affects many, and in ways important to one’s well-being. Moreover, one identifies as a man or a woman; one sees oneself as a member of this group, as sharing something of importance with other people in the group. The consumption of brown sauce, in another world, might fulfil a similar function. Our world is divided by sex and race, not by brown sauce.
Indeed, it is almost certainly the case that, statistically, there is a greater likelihood of a woman achieving the qualifying time for the men’s 100-metre Olympic finals than for a man under five foot three securing a place in an NBA team – although the chance of either is negligible. Why not then have a separate category in basketball for men under five foot three – just as we have a separate category for women? Imagine a world in which basketball teams are divided between the tall and the short.