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Carbon Sinks and Climate Change: Forests in the Fight by Colin A.G. Hunt

By Colin A.G. Hunt

Reforestation and keeping off deforestation are equipment of harnessing nature to take on worldwide warming - the best problem dealing with humankind. during this e-book, Colin Hunt bargains comprehensively with the current and destiny position of forests in weather switch coverage and perform.

The writer offers signposts for a way forward in weather switch coverage and provides useful examples of forestry's function in weather switch mitigation in either built and tropical constructing nations. Chapters on measuring carbon in plantations, their biodiversity advantages and capability for biofuel creation supplement the research. He additionally discusses the opportunity of forestry in weather swap coverage within the usa and different international locations the place guidelines to restrict greenhouse fuel emissions were foreshadowed. the writer employs medical and socio-economic research and lays naked the complexity of forestry markets. A evaluation of the workings of carbon markets, established either at the Kyoto Protocol and voluntary participation, presents a starting place from which to discover forestry's function. Emphasis is put on acknowledging how forests' idiosyncrasies impact the layout of markets for sequestered carbon. the belief of forestry's capability in built nations is dependent upon the intensity of cuts in greenhouse gasoline emissions, including in-country ideas on forestry. a rise in investment for carbon retention in tropical forests is an instantaneous primary, yet complexities dictate that the assets of finance can be committed cash instead of carbon markets.

This well timed and complete ebook could be of significant worth to any reader attracted to weather swap. Policy-makers inside overseas firms and governments, teachers and scholars within the fields of geography, economics, technological know-how coverage, forestry, improvement reviews in addition to carbon marketplace members and woodland builders within the deepest area will locate it specially useful.

Contents: Foreword; Preface; advent; 1. The Making of Markets for Carbon and the opportunity of Forestry Offsets; 2. Forestry within the Kyoto Protocol; three. Forestry in Voluntary Carbon Markets; four. Biodiversity merits of Reforestation and averting Deforestation; five. Measuring the Carbon in woodland Sinks; 6. Forests as a resource of Biofuels; 7. Forestry within the weather swap rules of chosen constructed international locations; eight. regulations for decreasing Emissions from Deforestation and wooded area Degradation (REDD); Index

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Extra resources for Carbon Sinks and Climate Change: Forests in the Fight Against Global Warming (Advances in Ecological Economics)

Sample text

Perhaps the most contentious single issue in negotiations of the Kyoto Protocol was the inclusion of forestry sinks. The earliest formal proposals to count forestry proposals towards emission limits were from the US and New Zealand. However, the ability to use sinks was seen by some countries as a potential loophole by which industrialized countries could postpone the implementation of domestic policies to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions; it would also result in the delay of the development of new technology.

The price of an AAU is set in the market and depends on the severity of the cap on emissions. Most Annex B countries have emissions levels above their targets. They are thus in the market to purchase AAUs. Several Annex B countries, for example Russia and the Ukraine, have emissions below their target and these are in the market to sell their surplus reduction units. 1 THE ROLE OF FORESTRY IN COMPLYING WITH TARGETS Separate rules for GHG emissions and removals from the atmosphere have been designed under the Kyoto Protocol for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities because of their unique characteristics.

2 Notes: a R5regeneration b P5Plantations c AG5Agroforestry d AD5avoided deforestation e 1% CAP is the proportion of 1990 emissions claimable by these activities by Annex I countries. f The ease with which these countries can meet their Kyoto Protocol targets is expected to lead to a supply of low-priced credits. Source: Jung (2005). 44 Carbon sinks and climate change reviewed the positions taken during LULUCF negotiations by different countries.

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