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Caffeine for the Sustainment of Mental Task Performance: by Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition

By Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine

This document from the Committee on army meals learn reports the heritage of caffeine utilization, the metabolism of caffeine, and its physiological results. the consequences of caffeine on actual functionality, cognitive functionality and application, and relief of sleep deprivation impairments are mentioned in mild of contemporary clinical literature. The effect of caffeine intake on a number of points of future health, together with heart problems, copy, bone mineral density, and fluid homeostasis are reviewed. The behavioral results of caffeine also are mentioned, together with the impact of caffeine on response to emphasize, withdrawal results, and hazardous results of excessive intakes. The quantities of caffeine came upon to reinforce vigilance and response time continually are reviewed and proposals are made with admire to quantities of caffeine acceptable for retaining alertness of army team of workers in the course of box operations. strategies also are supplied at the desire for acceptable labeling of caffeine-containing vitamins, and schooling of army team of workers at the use of those vitamins. a short evaluate of a few possible choices to caffeine is additionally supplied.

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PHARMACOLOGY OF CAFFEINE 25 2 Pharmacology of Caffeine As stated in Chapter 1, caffeine is the most widely used central nervous system (CNS) stimulant in the world. It has numerous pharmacological and physiological effects, including cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and smooth muscle effects, as well as effects on mood, memory, alertness, and physical and cognitive performance. 19. In pure form, it is a bitter white powder. Structurally, caffeine (and the other methylxanthines) resembles the purines.

Increased likelihood of decrements in cognitive function is coupled with greater dependence on each individual in accomplishment of the mission. Both of these factors have a profound impact on the success or failure of a military operation. About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.

In response to this request the committee held a workshop, reviewed the scientific literature, and published the report, Food Components to Enhance Performance (IOM, 1994), in which it recommended continued research on the mechanisms of the effects of caffeine on cognitive performance, mood, and alertness. It was noted that particular attention should be paid to maximizing positive effects when performance is already degraded. Specifically, the committee recommended: Caffeine definitely should be considered in developing performanceenhancing rations or ration components.

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