By Charles Brewer Jones
Examines the institutional and political background of chinese language Buddhism in Taiwan. The textual content seeks to make clear the ways that altering social conditions have impacted Buddhist notion and perform and it lines Buddhism's improvement at the island from Qing occasions via to the overdue Eighties. It appears particularly at a couple of major adjustments that modernization had introduced: the decline in clerical ordinations; the expanding prominence of nuns in the monastic order; the improved function of the laity; adjustments within the contents of lay precepts; and the founding or huge, overseas corporations.
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Extra resources for Buddhism in Taiwan: Religion and the State, 1660-1990
2009 05:54:16] page_24 < previous page page_24 next page > Page 24 This branch entered Taiwan at about the same time as the Hanyang Hall Branch and operated mainly in the central region, eventually establishing twelve halls around Taichung and Changhua (1971 Gazetteer:75b, 76b; Zheng 1984:42). The Jinchuang Sect The Jinchuang (Gold Pennant) Sect claims to be a direct offshoot of Luojiao by virtue of the putative connection between its founder, Wang Zuotang (1538 1620) and the fourth patriarch of Luojiao, Sun Zhenkong.
At the age of twenty-four he joined the Yishi Hall and threw himself into its religous life but left in disgust after the controversy surrounding the election of the thirteenth patriarch, in spite of his having been chosen as the fourteenth patriarch. He lived for a while in the Hanyang Hall but eventually left and founded the Fuxin Hall in Fuzhou city. It went on for a while as a part of the Hanyang Hall Branch; but because of Puyao's energy and charisma, it grew until it was in a position to act independently and establish its own lineage.
2009 05:54:25] page_44 < previous page page_44 next page > Page 44 Buddhist Middle School as a teacher, encouraging many of its graduates to follow his example and study in Japan. He later succeeded Shanhui as abbot of the Lingquan Chan Temple (FG 6017c). Shanhui himself died in 1945, the year Taiwan was returned to Chinese rule. Because of Shanhui's willingness to collaborate with the Japanese, much of what he accomplished came to nothing after Retrocession (guangfu) and the subsequent backlash against Japanese influence.