By Anne E. Becker
Anne E. Becker examines the cultural context of the embodied self via her ethnography of physically aesthetics, meals trade, care, and social relationships in Fiji. She contrasts the cultivation of the body/self in Fijian and American society, arguing that the inducement of american citizens to paintings on their our bodies' shapes as a private exercise is allowed through their inspiration that the self is individuated and self sustaining. nevertheless, simply because Fijians obstacle themselves with the cultivation of social relationships principally expressed via nurturing and nutrition trade, there's a vested curiosity in cultivating others' our bodies instead of one's own.
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Additional resources for Body, self, and society : the view from Fiji
Moreover, the early literature on the epidemiology of eating disorders identified high socioeconomic status as a risk factor for developing anorexia nervosa (Garfinkel and Garner 1983: 3) . With an estimated 36 to 43 percent of the United States population overweight or obese (Gray 1989:9), weight control remains a fruitful arena for manipulation of social image. A wealth of literature documents the ongoing pursuit of a slender body in the United States and Europe. The media continue to supply the public with idealized body types as (usually impractical) targets for emulation; health clubs have transformed exercise from an activity to a commodity; and the population continues to digest a proliferation of dieting literature and technologies.
Next to the burlap sack with rubbish was a small Bombay pot with the morning's leftover rice, a heap of papayas, some breadfruit, and a bunch of the leafy waci. On the other side of the door were baskets and suitcases full of clothes. Above them on a shelf were bottles of fragrant body oil (waiwai) and a hurricane lantern. On the floor were two tins, one full of pounded yaqona and the other full of money from its sale. Mats, foam mattresses, and pillows were piled on the- far side of the door. As we prepared the sea grapes, Vasiti, who had placed a heap of hibiscus on the floor, started to break off twigs of a branch and to impale the yellow, orange, pink, and red blooms on the exposed ends.
Deane 1921:149) Asesela Ravuvu maintains that although British rule and Christian influence may have "offered an opportunity for the growth of individuality in the Fijian character," the Fijian still finds it "difficult to separate himself completely from his own people" (Ravuvu 1987:289). He also comments: Individualism is loathed and discouraged for the sake of group solidarity and harmony. Few alternatives are available. Individual desires and wants are thus constrained, though everyone's basic needs are satisfied within the social and cultural framework of the kin group.