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Biomechanics and motor control : defining central concepts by Mark L. Latash, Vladimir Zatsiorsky

By Mark L. Latash, Vladimir Zatsiorsky

Biomechanics and Motor regulate: Defining principal suggestions provides a radical replace to the quickly evolving fields of biomechanics of human movement and motor keep an eye on with learn released in biology, psychology, physics, drugs, actual treatment, robotics, and engineering constantly breaking new ground.

This e-book clarifies the that means of the main usually used phrases, and contains 4 components, with half one masking biomechanical thoughts, together with joint torques, stiffness and stiffness-like measures, viscosity, damping and impedance, and mechanical paintings and effort. different sections take care of neurophysiological innovations utilized in motor keep an eye on, resembling muscle tone, reflex, pre-programmed reactions, efferent reproduction, and crucial trend generator, and significant motor keep watch over strategies, together with redundancy and abundance, synergy, equilibrium-point speculation, and motor application, and posture and prehension from the sector of motor habit.

The e-book is equipped to hide smaller strategies in the context of bigger strategies. for instance, inner versions are lined within the bankruptcy on motor courses. significant ideas are usually not in basic terms outlined, yet given context as to how learn got here to take advantage of the time period during this demeanour.

  • Presents a unified method of an interdisciplinary, fragmented area
  • Defines keywords for understanding
  • Identifies key theories, recommendations, and functions throughout theoretical perspectives
  • Provides ancient context for definitions and thought evolution

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1981), FiS Publishers. 4 Elastic properties of muscleetendon units In the muscleetendon units the muscle belly and the tendon are connected in series. In an ideal case (no lateral force transmission), the muscle and tendon experience the same force. If an MTU is extended by a certain amount DlMTU, the total length changes depend in an obvious way on the changes in both muscle length DlM and tendon length DlT. Note that muscle length may change in both directions, that is, the muscle either can shorten or be forcibly stretched.

Elastic potential energy and return it back to the system after the force removal). For elastic bodies, stiffness was defined as amount of force, or force change, per unit of the induced deformation, dF/dx. The bodies studied in classical mechanics are “passive” in the sense that they maintain the same size, for example, length, if external forces are absent or constant. For the passive bodies, there exist one-to-one relations between the force and body geometry. Such relations do not exist for the active muscles and intact joints.

3 Elastic properties of muscle components Muscles are complex organs. They include multiple elements such as muscle fibers, aponeuroses, connective tissues, blood vessels, etc. Their architecture can be rather complicated, for example, in pennate and convergent muscles or in curved and wrapping muscles. In some cases, the muscle behavior is similar to the behavior of the fiberreinforced composites. In such composites, the fibers made from a material with high 36 Biomechanics and Motor Control tensile strength are embedded in another material (called matrix), which glues the fibers together and transfers external stresses.

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