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Behavioral archaeology: first principles by Michael B. Schiffer

By Michael B. Schiffer

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During the next two years, the paper was rejected by four major journals. The referees, some of them philosophers, had problems with the model's obvious debt to Hempel's Deductive-Nomological model of explanation and, ironically, they were unconvinced by the reconciliation of Binford and Thompson. The D-N model, which I had adopted as an undergraduate, was perhaps becoming an albatross for behavioral archaeology; a few years later I would learn from Merrilee Salmon about more philosophically fashionable models of explanation that still assigned a prominent role to (usually statistical) laws.

Longacre liked the paper and, as always, furnished encouraging words. During the following semester I reworked the Basketmaker study into a paper showing that behavioral inference"measuring" the properties of past cultural systemsdepended at every turn on diverse law-like statements, many of which remained to be established by archaeologists. After several rejections, the paper was published in The Kiva (1972b). The section on "systemic contexts" was submitted on March 20, 1970, to American Antiquity.

A flow model for viewing the life cycle of consumable elements. 3. Flow model of difference between primary, secondary, and de facto refuse. 1. The synthetic model of archaeological inference. 1. A taxonomy of food preparation of the Hopi, ca. 1900. 2. Partial behavioral chain of maize for the Hopi, ca. 1900. 1. The strategies of a behavioral archaeology. 1. The occurrence of used items in a sample of 184 Tucson households. 2. A model of basic household material-culture dynamics. 3. The relationship between developmental stage and variables of households.

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