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Extra info for Atmospheric Circulation Systems: Their Structure and Physical Interpretation
This is essentially after Mintz, but with consideration of the transport by the Hadley cell in winter. For the flux in summer, the 50 x10 25 40 ':'0 30 :: N SUMMER --------- 20 E o 10 E Cl FIG. 10 Total northward flux of angular momentum in winter and summer in the Northern Hemisphere. Units are 1025 gm ern- sec". Based upon geostrophic eddy fluxes computed by Mintz (1955) at latitudes 20° to 75°N, with flux by Hadley circulation added for winter. relatively weak Hadley cell of the Northern Hemisphere is neglected, and because of lack of data close to the Equator, the curve is not extended to the equatorial region of the Southern Hemisphere Hadley cell (cf.
J. Meteorol. 6, 261-265. Mintz, Y. (1951). The geostrophic poleward flux of angular momentum in the month January 1949. Tellus 3, 195-200. Mintz, Y. (1954). The observed zonal circulation of the atmosphere. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 35, 208-214. Mintz, Y. (1955). Final computation of the mean geostrophic poleward flux of angular momentum and of sensible heat in the winter and summer of 1949 (Article V). , Gen. Circ. , Contr. AF 19(122)-48. Dept. , Univ. California, Los Angeles. , and Lang, J. (1955).
Sinica 26, 281-294. 2 HEAT BALANCE OF THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE, AND THE MERIDIONAL AND VERTICAL TRANSFER OF ENERGY In Chapter 1 it was emphasized that the generation and redistribution of absolute angular momentum is accomplished both by meridional circulations and by eddies, whose relative contributions are different in tropical and extratropical latitudes. The same is true of the redistribution of heat and related forms of energy, the mechanisms for which adapt themselves to the most effective forms to meet the requirements, as prescribed by the sources and sinks of energy in the atmosphere and in a shallow layer beneath the earth's surface.