By Arian Mostaedi
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Additional info for Architectural Design - EDUCATION AND CULTURE
These live loads are usually speciﬁed in the IBC  and the ASCE 7 load standards . The magnitude of live loads depends on the occupancy and use of the structure and on the tributary area of the structural element under consideration. Live loads as speciﬁed in the IBC and ASCE 7 are given in units of pounds per square foot of the horizontal projected plan area, but it should be noted that the codes also specify alternative concentrated live loads (in pounds), as we discuss later. The live loads speciﬁed in the codes are minimum values, and the owner of a building could decide to use higher live load values than those given in the code, although this will lead to a more expensive structure.
0)(54) ϭ 54 psf Therefore, the snow load S ϭ 54 psf. The total load of the horizontal plan area is given as wTL ϭ D L1 ϩ (Lr or S or R) L2 psf of horizontal plan area I N T R O D U C T I O N S T O T R U C T U R A L D E S I G N L O A D S ͉ Since the roof live load Lr (18 psf ) is less that the snow load S (54 psf ), the snow load is more critical and will be used in calculating the total roof load. 11). 11 (b) Free-body diagram of a sloped roof. L 2 ϭ 18 ft. 1 or ASCE 7 Table 4-1) KLL ϭ live-load element factor (see Table 4-2 of Ref.
Adapted from Ref. 5 Deﬁnition of Wind Pressure Zones, MWFRS Zone Deﬁnition A End zone horizontal wind pressure on the vertical projected wall surface B End zone horizontal wind pressure on the vertical projected roof surface C Interior zone horizontal wind pressure on the vertical projected wall surface D Interior zone horizontal wind pressure on the vertical projected roof surface E End zone vertical wind pressure on the windward side of the horizontal projected roof surface F End zone vertical wind pressure on the leeward side of the horizontal projected roof surface G Interior zone vertical wind pressure on the windward side of the horizontal projected roof surface H Interior zone vertical wind pressure on the leeward side of the horizontal projected roof surface EOH End zone vertical wind pressure on the windward side of the horizontal projected roof overhang surface GOH Interior zone vertical wind pressure on the windward side of the horizontal projected roof overhang surface 6.