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Animals' Influence on the Landscape and Ecological by Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier

By Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier

In its first English-language variation, this publication introduces the many-faceted interactions of animal populations with their habitats. From soil fauna, ants and termites to small and massive herbivores, burrowing mammals and birds, the writer offers a accomplished research of animals and ecosystems that's as wide and sundry as all nature. bankruptcy 2 addresses the useful position of animals in panorama ecosystems, emphasizing fluxes of power and subject inside and among ecosystems, and the results of animals on qualitative and structural habitat swap. dialogue comprises chapters at the position of animal inhabitants density and the affects of local herbivores on crops and habitats from the tropics to the polar areas. Cyclic mass outbreaks of species similar to the larch bud moth in Switzerland, the mountain pine beetle and the African red-billed weaver fowl are defined and analyzed. different chapters talk about Zoochory – the dispersal of seeds through ants, mammals and birds – and the impression of burrowing animals on soil improvement and geomorphology. attention extends to the effect of feral family animals. bankruptcy five makes a speciality of difficulties caused by advent of alien animals and from re-introduction of animal species to their unique habitats, discusses the consequences on ecosystems of burrowing, digging and trampling via animals. the writer additionally addresses keystone species corresponding to kangaroo rats, termites and beavers. bankruptcy 6 addresses the function of animals in panorama administration and nature conservation, with chapters at the impression of newcomer species corresponding to animals brought into Australia, New Zealand and Europe, and the implications of reintroduction of species to unique habitat. It additionally discusses the wearing capability of typical behavior, public attitudes towards dialog and extra. the ultimate part ponders the results of weather on interactions among animals and their habitats.

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Extra resources for Animals' Influence on the Landscape and Ecological Importance: Natives, Newcomers, Homecomers

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1996). The ecology and management of grazing systems. Wallingford: CAB International. , & Scheibe, K. (1998). Wiedererstehen des postglazialen Großsäugerspektrums als landschaftsgestaltendes Multi-Spezies-System: ein Pilotversuch zur “Redynamisierung” halboffener Landschaften. Schriftenreihe für Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz, 56, 301–315.  J. (1995). Geoecology, an evolutionary approach. London/New York: Routledge.  H. ). (1987). Ecology of tropical savannas (Ecological studies 42). Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer.

A. (1995). Effects of animals in landscape pattern. In L. Hansson, L. ), Mosaic landscapes and ecological processes (pp. 57–80). London: Chapman & Hall.  J. (1987). Boundary dynamics at the aquatic-terrestrial interface: The influence of beaver and geomorphology. Landscape Ecology, 4(1), 5–19.  J. (1990a). Browse selection by beaver: Effects in riparian forest composition. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 20, 1036–1043.  J. (1990b). Aquatic patch creation in relation to beaver population trend.

There is no biotope in landscape occupied by a single species only. We always have to do with zoocoenoses of different taxa. A species may prevent coexistence with another one not only by competition but also by alteration of vegetation structures, for example. On the other hand, some species may profit from others. In African rain forests, for example, small grazers benefit from African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis). The elephants create sunlit gaps by throwing trees down or killing them by bark stripping.

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