By David A. Bender
Amino Acid Metabolism, 3rd Edition covers all facets of the biochemistry and dietary biochemistry of the amino acids. beginning with an outline of nitrogen fixation and the incorporation of inorganic nitrogen into amino acids, the ebook then information different significant nitrogenous compounds in micro-organisms, vegetation and animals. Contents comprise a dialogue of the catabolism of amino acids and different nitrogenous compounds in animals, and the microbiological reactions interested by liberate of nitrogen gasoline again into the ambience. Mammalian (mainly human) protein and amino acid specifications are thought of intimately, and the equipment which are used to figure out them.
Chapters give some thought to person amino acids, grouped in keeping with their metabolic beginning, and discussing their biosynthesis (in vegetation and micro-organisms for those who are nutritional necessities for human beings), significant metabolic roles (mainly in human metabolism) and catabolism (again typically in human metabolism). there's additionally dialogue of regulatory mechanisms for these kind of metabolic pathways, and of metabolic and genetic ailments affecting the (human) metabolism of amino acids.
Throughout the publication the emphasis is at the dietary value of amino acids, integration and keep an eye on of metabolism and metabolic and different disturbances of relevance to human biochemistry and health.
- Completely revised variation of this complete textual content protecting the entire most up-to-date findings in amino acid metabolism research
- Written by way of an expert within the box
- Covers new advances in structural biology
- Clear illustrations of all constructions and metabolic pathways
- Full checklist of instructed extra studying for every bankruptcy and bibliography of papers mentioned within the text
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Extra info for Amino Acid Metabolism
It is at the surface of the Rhizobium bacteroids, and it serves to deliver oxygen as required for oxidative phosphorylation to produce the ATP required for nitrogen ﬁxation, while also preventing irreversible damage to nitrogenase by maintaining a very low concentration of free oxygen. There are similar haemoglobin-like proteins in nitrogen-ﬁxing non-legume root nodules. The protein is synthesized by the host plant, in response to Rhizobium infection, but the haem prosthetic group is synthesized by the bacteroids.
Plants and most bacteria can synthesize all the amino acids they require for protein synthesis. 2, mammals can synthesize only those amino acids for which they can synthesize the oxo-acid carbon skeletons; others (the essential or indispensable amino acids) have to be provided in the diet. In many, if not all, of the reactions in which glutamine acts as a nitrogen donor, the reaction proceeds in two stages, with one catalytic site catalyzing the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamate and ammonium, and another catalyzing the (commonly ATP-dependent) incorporation of ammonium.
The protein is synthesized by the host plant, in response to Rhizobium infection, but the haem prosthetic group is synthesized by the bacteroids. , 1974). 2 Nitrification and denitrification Nitriﬁcation is the process of oxidizing ammonia to nitrite and nitrate; denitriﬁcation is the process of reducing nitrate to nitrogen gas. Three main groups of microorganisms catalyze nitriﬁcation reactions, oxidizing ammonia to nitrite (NO2−) via hydroxylamine (NH2OH). Chemolithotrophic bacteria consume only inorganic substrates for energy metabolism.