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America's Founding Fruit: The Cranberry in a New Environment by Susan Playfair

By Susan Playfair

The cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, is one in all purely 3 cultivated end result local to North the USA. the tale of this perennial vine all started because the glaciers retreated approximately fifteen thousand years in the past. Centuries later, it stored local american citizens and Pilgrims alive throughout the iciness months, performed a task in a diplomatic gesture to King Charles in 1677, secure sailors on board whaling ships from scurvy, fed common Grant’s males in 1864, and supplied over 1000000 kilos of sustenance in line with 12 months to our international battle II doughboys. at the present time, it's a strong instrument within the struggle opposed to a variety of types of melanoma. this can be America’s superfruit.

This ebook poses the query of ways the cranberry, and by way of inference different end result, will fare in a warming weather. In her try and evaluation the consequences of weather switch, Susan Playfair interviewed growers from Massachusetts west to Oregon and from New Jersey north to Wisconsin, the cranberry’s temperature tolerance diversity. She additionally spoke with scientists learning the well-being advantages of cranberries, plant geneticists mapping the cranberry genome, a plant biologist who supplied her with the 1st regression research of cranberry flowering occasions, and a migrant beekeeper attempting to determine why the bees are demise.

Taking a broader view than the opposite books on cranberries, America’s Founding Fruit offers a short historical past of cranberry cultivation and its function in our nationwide background, leads the reader in the course of the whole cultivation approach from planting via distribution, and assesses the potential results of weather switch at the cranberry and different crops and animals. may well the yankee cranberry stop growing to be within the usa? if that is so, what will be misplaced?

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He had planned to use the mulch on a small experimental area and the next year to use it on the entire bog. “Luckily, I did a very small experiment,” he says. ” Keith describes his father scolding, “Why are you doing it differently? ” 30 P LAN TI N G “Just trying to learn,” Keith says. A product of the Cornell School of Agriculture, he is young and not afraid to fail, trying to modernize yet not jeopardize production or the livelihood of his family and his workers’ families. “When I was five years old, driving a tractor with my father, he asked me if I wanted to own the farm someday.

In 1840 a grower named Jarvis Lovell attempted to keep frost off his vines by suspending yards of cotton on wooden posts stuck into the bog. Salt marsh grass, readily available at the shore and packed around the plants was another remedy. What growers soon learned was that water was the most reliable frost protector. Whenever possible, they built dikes and dams with removable boards that could be lifted to allow water to flow over the bog to protect the vines. Today’s bogs don’t look that different.

If they couldn’t afford to build their own family bogs, or didn’t own land where the berry would flourish, they formed joint-­venture partnerships with relatives or friends where they would contribute what they could afford, either in labor, land, or funds. Charles Nordhoff, writing in 1868, described the process: Enoch Doane read about the cranberry swamps in his agricultural paper, saw that the berries were in good demand in the Boston market, made a careful calculation overnight, and next morning rode out and bought a dozen acres of the worst-­looking swampland in the neighborhood of Harwich.

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