By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a extensive software of social transformation to enhance the location of the operating type and terrible, ladies, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and vast entry to health and wellbeing care, schooling, and social companies. This ebook explores how Nicaragua's least robust electorate have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the improvement of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic learn performed through the Nineteen Nineties, Florence Babb describes the destructive results that experience the go back to a capitalist direction, particularly for girls and low-income voters. additionally, she charts the expansion of women's and different social hobbies (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, adolescence, peace, and environmental) that experience taken good thing about new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic pix of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and worldwide processes.
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Additional info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
The cooperative of artisans included several women and men making silver and coral jewelry and two women making decorative wall hangings and other items with bark from the tuno tree, found on the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua. The co-op, which was established in 1987, prides itself on its high-quality work. But members have experienced a severe drop in sales as the economy has worsened and as there have been fewer international visitors to buy from them. In 1992, the bark workers left the co-op for family reasons, one woman because her husband opposed her working and the other because she felt that her children needed more attention.
I met women from two of the four cooperatives that I mentioned earlier. High anticipation permeated the three-day event, which took place on the city’s central fairgrounds, and it has since been regarded as a turning point in feminist organizing in Nicaragua. The women had clearly staked their ground and claimed a new social space in which to build a movement. The energy of the festival carried over to plans for a national gathering, or encuentro, called for January 1992. The goal was to bring women from around the country, independent of political afﬁliation, for three days of 6.
6 Not only have political and economic conditions given rise to new forms of organizing among new social sectors, but new analyses have appeared that challenge earlier work rooted in modernization and dependency theories. According to Escobar and Alvarez (1992: 3), new research shows that “a multiplicity of social actors establish their presence and spheres of autonomy in a fragmented social and political space. ” John Beverley and José Oviedo (1993: 1) have commented on the Latin American turn toward postmodernism, which has reinvigorated debate on the Left and led to new thinking about the relationship between local cultures and transnational politics.