By Peter V. Hobbs
FROM THE PUBLISHERAerosol and clouds play vital roles in opting for the earth's weather, in ways in which we're purely starting to understand. at the side of molecular scattering from gases, aerosol and clouds verify partially what fraction of sunlight radiation reaches the earth's floor, and what fraction of the longwave radiation from the earth escapes to house. This ebook offers an summary of the newest examine on atmospheric aerosol and clouds and their results on worldwide weather. topics reviewed contain the direct and oblique results of aerosol on weather, the radiative homes of clouds and their results at the Earth's radiation stability, the incorporation of cloud results in numerical climate prediction types, and stratospheric aerosol and clouds.
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The study p rovides a firm basis for comparison with other technologies and develops a feasible process design and cost estimate. The paper discusses the environmental impacts, the benefits and the challenges to be addressed by anyone considering post combustion capture at this unprecedented scale. INTRODUCTION The CCP identified amine scrubbing as the best available technology for post combustion CO2 capture and they requested Fluor to use their proprietary Econamine FG TM process to produce a baseline process design and cost estimate.
Figure 2 shows a block flow diagram of the overall capture plant, illustrating the North and South site flue gas gathering systems, pre-treatment requirements and the Econamine FG TM process. • ............................................ 1 Fluor E ~ n a m i n e N o r t h Site F l u e s FG TM Flue Gas to vent ! Lean Amine --a ,T" LL ' / DeNOx DeSO. ~i~i~iii: i " I i i i ! Rich i \ Amine \ \ i m I ' Flue Gas ' to vent ............................ , i I ,~ I I t ', Common Compression Stripper & Dehydration i aa .
This is true for both the cost of fuel supply and the cost per unit of service (km travelled). Major elements of costs in the LNG route are bulk shipping and compression of gas at the retail site. The major cost in the F-T diesel route is the manufacturing stage. As experience is gained in both conversion and capture technology, costs at this stage of the fuel cycle can be expected to fall, bringing the cost of F-T diesel more into line with conventional diesel. TABLE 3 FUELCOSTSFORVARIOUSCYCLES.