By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley
Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for educational positions - is a debatable yet strangely universal perform across the world. This booklet is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the reasons, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.
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Additional resources for Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives
Today, the level of inbreeding in Germany is only 1 percent (Soler 2001). The German regulation Hausberufungsverbot “excludes the possibility of moving up to a professorship from a middle-rank position or even from an associate to a full professorship within the same institution” (Jacob and Teichler 2009, 255). As inbreeding is the most extreme case of immobility, regulations that prohibit immobility prevent inbreeding, as well. As Christine Musselin (2004) points out, in Germany even the internal beneﬁts of a faculty member inside the university are associated with his or her success on the external labor market (Musselin 2004).
Finally, universities may prefer hiring inbred candidates if the teaching mission is important for them. In this case, inbred faculty may be hired not for their scholarly performance but for their “teaching potential” (Eisenberg and Wells 2000), including their ability to teach certain courses and to ﬁt into existing university curricula. ), evaluation of teaching qualities is more problematic and may be only assessable over the longer term. Inbred academics may contribute to the formation of speciﬁc, highly localized approaches to teaching, as they are “guided by the experience gained as former students of this university and, later, as teaching assistants there” in the design of their own courses (Sivak and Yudkevich 2012, 4).
As a result, inbred academics are less successful in terms of promotion, as their career paths are ﬁve years longer than that of noninbreds (Inanc and Tuncer 2011). In Japan, the study by Horta, Sato, and Yonezawa in 2011 was devoted to the reasons for inbreeding. The authors explain that inbreeding is rather high in the early stages of development of academic systems because there are few universities and they have to hire their own alumni. But in Japan, the high level of inbreeding remains, despite several reforms that have been carried out to reduce its rate.