By John F. Hoffecker
For the 1st time in recent times, now we have a synthesis of the newest considering and discoveries by means of a more youthful pupil with an authoritative seize of the topic. This e-book is a vital contribution to the final literature of human prehistory, certain for its complete insurance of the circumpolar regions.—Brian Fagan, writer of The lengthy summer time: How weather replaced Civilization
"A uniquely authoritative, hugely readable, and well-illustrated account of the way stone-age humans controlled to colonize the a ways North."—Richard G. Klein, Stanford University
Early people didn't easily flow northward from their African origins as their talents to deal with cooler climates developed. The preliminary payment of areas like Europe and northern Asia, in addition to the later circulate into the Arctic and the Americas, truly happened in quite speedy bursts of enlargement. A Prehistory of the North is the 1st full-length research to inform the advanced tale, spanning nearly million years, of the way people inhabited a few of the coldest locations on earth.
In an account wealthy with illustrations, John Hoffecker lines the heritage of anatomical diversifications, nutrition alterations, and technological advancements, resembling garments and guard, which allowed people the ongoing skill to push the limits in their habitation. The ebook concludes by means of displaying how within the previous few thousand years, peoples residing within the circumpolar zone—with the exception of western and important Siberia—developed a thriving maritime economy.
Written in nontechnical language, A Prehistory of the North offers compelling new insights and useful details for execs and scholars.
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Additional info for A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher Latitudes
52 OUT OF AFRICA 25 An indication that Homo erectus was spending a good deal of time walking—perhaps running—across open habitat is evidence for heat stress adaptation. The Nariokotome skeleton exhibits the tall, slender body and long distal limbs found among modern peoples of the tropical zone. The size and shape of such a body maximizes the exposed surface area relative to overall mass and therefore allows greater heat loss. 53 Homo erectus was also the ﬁrst hominid to possess an external nose.
Both have been classiﬁed as Homo heidelbergensis. 22 The taxon Homo heidelbergensis was proposed by Otto Schoetensack in 1908 on the basis of a isolated jaw bone recovered from a sand quarry near Heidelberg during the previous year. Its stratigraphic position and associated interglacial fauna indicate that it is about the same age as the Boxgrove site. 24 Although almost a full century has passed since the original Heidelberg ﬁnd, the number of bones and teeth that may be assigned to this taxon remains quite limited.
Martin J. Aitken, “Chronometric Techniques for the Middle Pleistocene,” in The Earliest Occupation of Europe, ed. W. Roebroeks and T. van Kolfschoten, pp. 269 –277 (Leiden: University of Leiden, 1995); A. A. Velichko, “Loess-Paleosol Formation on the Russian Plain,” Quaternary International 7/8 (1990): 103 –114. Figure B1. Temperature curve based on ﬂuctuations in the ratio of oxygen isotopes from a deep-sea sediment core. b. N. J. Shackleton and N. D. Opdyke, “Oxygen Isotope and Paleomagnetic Stratigraphy of Equatorial Paciﬁc Core V28-238: Temperatures and Ice Volumes on a 103 and 106 Year Scale,” Quaternary Research 3 (1973): 39 –55; Ronald Singer, Bruce G.