By Wallace Chafe
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Additional info for A Grammar of the Seneca Language
Taë’ (*ëhatharë’) ‘he will talk’ a > ö / ëw- (nasalization of a to ö after ëw). ëwö:dö’ (*ëwatö’) ‘it will become’ a > ö / ëh- (nasalization of a to ö after ëh). gëhö:de’ (*kaiyhate’) ‘river’ a > ö / ë’- (nasalization of a to ö after ë’). ji’dë́ ’ö:h (*tsi’të’ahah) ‘bird’ a > ö / ö- (nasalization of a to ö after ö). 19 A Grammar of the Seneca Language gwa’yö̀ :’ (*kwa’yöha’) ‘rabbit’ a > ö / öw- (nasalization of a to ö after öw). oyö:wö’ (*oyöwa’) ‘tall plant’ a > ö / ö’- (nasalization of a to ö after ö’).
24 A Grammar of the Seneca Language example. There is, however, one complication. A participant that is expressed with an agent pronominal prefix in the habitual aspect is expressed with a patient prefix in the stative aspect. 2. Consequential events. 3 shows the options for a consequential event. Both habitual and progressive events are expressed with the habitual suffix. ) A perfect event, which is not expressible with a nonconsequential base, is expressed for a consequential event with the stative suffix.
O’wà:’ (*o’wahra’) ‘meat’ VV: > V:V (rewriting of the colon). sga:e’ (*skaher’) ‘it’s on it again’ V:V: > V:V (shortening of two long vowels in sequence). wa:e’ (*wa’haher’) ‘he thought’ V:VAP > V: (shortening of an antepenultimate vowel sequence). wáë́ öyágë’dak (*wa’haröhyakë’tahk) ‘he worked hard at it’ k > g / -V or -R-n (k became g before a vowel, or before a resonant other than n). o’ga:wa:k (*wa’kawak) ‘I sifted it’ t > d / -V or -R-n (t became d before a vowel, or before a resonant other than n).