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A Grammar of Modern Latvian (Slavistic Printings and by Trevor G. Fenell, Henriki Gelson

By Trevor G. Fenell, Henriki Gelson

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Extra info for A Grammar of Modern Latvian (Slavistic Printings and Reprintings ; No. 304) Vol.1

Sample text

Suppose that numeration markings on the copy are changed to those of the first conjunct instead of being deleted. Then the antecedent and its copy are strictly identical and constitute a chain, if a chain is understood as (constructed from) a pair of terms (a1 ; a2 ) that are identical in constitution. It will follow, then, that the copy deletes, by whatever mechanism deletes traces in the phonological component. At LF the two kinds of constructions will be very similar, though not quite identical.

WH i . . WH i . . ]]] . . ]]] . . ]]] . . 2, a structure containing a nontrivial chain cannot be linearized in accordance with the LCA; since the chain links are nondistinct, they induce violations of the asymmetry and irreflexivity conditions on linear order. By deleting chain links, Chain Reduction circumvents this problem and allows structures containing chains to be properly linearized. 1); thus, all things being equal, Chain Reduction employs deletion as little as possible. In (81a), for instance, the intermediate link becomes invisible to the LCA after morphological fusion and need not be deleted.

However, three other derivations starting from (39) that employ ‘‘full deletion’’ of chain links are more economical; if deletion targets the whole DP of two links of the chain in (39), the structures in (42) will be derived. (42) a. [TP [ DP the [NP tall man]] i appears [TP [ DP the [ NP tall man]] i to have been kissed [ DP the [ NP tall man]] i ]] b. [TP [ DP the [ NP tall man]] i appears [TP [ DP the [NP tall man]] i to have been kissed [ DP the [ NP tall man]] i ]] c. [TP [ DP the [ NP tall man]] i appears [TP [ DP the [ NP tall man]] i to have been kissed [ DP the [NP tall man]] i ]] Each structure of (42) can be linearized in accordance with the LCA, yielding the sentences in (43).

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