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A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza) by Terry Lynn Todd

By Terry Lynn Todd

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Additional resources for A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza)

Example text

9. I have frequently recorded what I consider to be initial clusters with voiced stops such as /b8;/ ‘brother’ and =U8 "= ‘closed’. Native speakers, however, insist that there is a short vowel /:/ <ı> in between. It is likely that they are reacting to the voicing of the stop which continues throughout the cluster. 10. In Sorani Kurdish there exists a related word /p il / ‘cat’, that causes similar problems with Sorani cannonical syllable patterns which allow no initial clusters. 110) and Joyce Blau in her Manuel de Kurde (p.

9m;-je :ne soj98 g-:/ (/soj98 g/ is feminine ) ınê we-imperf. ’ 21. /9m;-je :ne 9s mbul/ (/9s mbul/ is masculine) ınê we-imperf. ’ 22. ’ 23. ’ With nonspecific reference, the suffix is not used. 24. /o-jo :no suk/ he-prog. ’ Vocative Case Two kinship terms have completely different forms for vocative use: DIR /pi/ OBL Vocative 25. ‘father’ /pe8/ /b;w/ 26. ‘mother’ /m;/ /m;8/ /d;j/ While the Direct and Oblique case forms of the above parental terms are cognates with Persian /pe9d 8/ ‘father’ and /m;9d 8/ ‘mother’, the vocative forms are cognate with the normal Sorani and Kirmanji words.

02 the tense vowels are shown in boldface type. 1 Front Vowel Phonemes The two front vowels are contrasted in the following examples. /i/ vs. /e/ <ê> ,)1( =3$= u @3$ 3$B 3$ C4#"0 A A Grammar of Dimili ,)L( =3 = @3 3 NB ,)*( =9'$ = @'$ '$ ,)M( =93 8 = @3 3N B 14 C #S0 "0 A B C # `#4" `" C# A ,)<( = = @ NB C ,)D( =9 $ = @ $ NB CY"0 Z # A A" S -$ /A The following examples contrast the phonemes /i/ and /:/ <ı>. /i/ vs. " C $"A YS$/# "" Z The following examples contrast the phonemes /e/ <ê> and / / .

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