By Clark Spencer Larsen
An intensive evaluation of the speedily starting to be box of organic anthropology; chapters are written by way of major students who've themselves performed a massive function in shaping the path and scope of the self-discipline. <ul type="disc"> * large evaluation of the speedily transforming into box of organic anthropology * Larsen has created a who’s who of organic anthropology, with contributions from the prime experts within the box * Contributing authors have performed a big function in shaping the path and scope of the subjects they write approximately * bargains discussions of present concerns, controversies, and destiny instructions in the zone * offers insurance of the numerous fresh suggestions and discoveries which are reworking the topic
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Extra resources for A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology)
These include studies of race, eugenics, human origins, primates, and human osteology/skeletal biology. Race was a preoccupation which offered an essentialist or typological framework for viewing human population variation; it was largely discarded, but only after World War II (Washburn 1984). The eugenics movement began in the nineteenth century, was developed by Francis Galton in England, and declined in its impact on human population studies in the United States during the late 1930s. Studies of human origins were more highly developed among European scientists, while some work was done in the US by Hrdlicˇka and others, particularly on the origins of New World populations.
He had been trained in classics at Wisconsin (PhD in 1911), then received a diploma in anthropology at Oxford in 1912. 3). Hooton’s students dominated the profession and played important leadership roles in the American Association of Physical Anthropologists through the 1970s and early 1980s. In sum, Boas’s primary contributions were in creative and forward-looking research design; Hrdlicˇka’s contributions were in the resolute and persistent promotion of the profession; and Hooton’s contributions were in training the first generation of physical anthropologists, to fill an expanding faculty at universities around the US.
For example, overnutrition – leading to obesity – is recent in human history. While its causes are multifactorial, the availability of an abundance of food, combined with low physical effort needed to acquire these foods, is central to understanding the current global epidemic of obesity. In the big picture, adequate food intake and the energy it provides are essential for normal reproductive and work functions. In this regard nutrition plays an important part in our evolutionary past. The study of living populations in these previous chapters reveals that evolution is ongoing, and perhaps even accelerating.