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A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and by Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen

By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen

The e-book incorporates a number of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this e-book are all written inside of a cognitive linguistics framework, centred round varied linguistic facets of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an advent to this major subject, offering a vast point of view and a common, theoretical historical past from note grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the rest ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic elements of the verb, illustrated via quite a few languages and examine parts, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe assorted features of Norwegian - a language no longer previous investigated at this kind of scale inside cognitive linguistics. Norwegian deals invaluable contributions via being heavily on the topic of English, but differing in sure very important and engaging methods. additionally, facts from numerous different languages are integrated, between others Italian, Russian, and varied African languages, supplying a much wider typological variety.

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Additional resources for A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives

Example text

Relational grammarians found good reason to label them "1" and "2" (Perlmutter 1983), and the same ranking is posited in other formal theories. Here we have concentrated on motivations for describing the parameter in question as some kind of prominence hierarchy, and specifically for characterizing subject and object as the first and second foci on a reference point chain inherent in the conception of a profiled relationship. Corroborating this account is the fact that subject and object clearly function as first and second reference points for purposes of pronominal anaphora.

B. * A feline is a lynx. I analyze these expressions also as profiling the identity of two individuals. e. 5 Given that the lynx class is a proper subset of the feline class, the well-formedness contrast between (2la) and (21b) can be seen as a consequence of the subject functioning as point of access for interpreting the profiled identity relation. In (2la), we initially focus on a lynx and describe it as coinciding with a feline; in view of the subset relationship, this will always be valid. On the other hand, (21b) initially focuses on a feline and describes it as coinciding with a lynx.

The constructions in (28)-(29) represent the special, limiting case where the topic holds sway for just one clause, and moreover is established by a nominal that simultaneously has a central grammatical role in it. For the most part, however, the nominal expressing the topic is external to the comment clause. We can see this as being iconic. Whether a clause is to be integrated in the dominion of a particular reference point is basically an extrinsic matter that depends on contingencies of the current discourse.

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